Can the West Demand Political Concessions — And Does it Really Want to?
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In the context of the Solzhenitsyn-affair a considerable amount of speculation has been published in the Western newspapers concerning the possibility, or the desirability, of the West extracting political concessions, e.g. in the field of political democracy from the East, notably from the Soviet Union, as a form of payment for the trade, credits, and co-operation agreements which are now expanding.
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- 1).International Herald Tribune, August 28, 1973, editorial. For two later statements by A. Sakharov, see: “In Answer to Solzhenitsyn”, in The New York Review of Books, June 13, 1974 and “The Need for an Open World” in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 31, No. 9, 1975, p. 8.Google Scholar
- 2).A. Sakharov in an interview in Dagens Nyheter, July 3,1973.Google Scholar
- 3).International Herald Tribune, August 28, 1973, editorial.Google Scholar
- 4).As was stated by W. Fulbright in International Herald Tribune, June 26, 1973.Google Scholar
- 5).For a general discussion of the weakness of embargo policies, see the last chapter in Adler-Karlsson: Der Fehlschlag. 20 Jahre Wirtschaftskrieg zwischen Ost und West, Europa-Verlag, Vienna 1971.Google Scholar
- 6).International Herald Tribune, May 28, 1974.Google Scholar
- 7).See e.g. the editorial in U.S. News and World Report, June 18, 1973, p. 92 or Z. Nagorski, Jr., The Psycho fogy of East-West Trade. Mason & Lipscomb, New York 1974, p. 198.Google Scholar
- 8).Some, to my mind rather naive fears have been voiced even by well-known experts with good relations to the U.S. power establishment. See e.g. R. Vernon, “Apparatchiks and Entre preneurs: U.S.-Soviet Economic Relations.” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 52, No. 2, January 1974, pp. 249/262; and M. I. Goldman, “Who Profits More From U.S.-Soviet Trade?” Harvard Business Review, November-December 1973, pp. 79/87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 9).“The Soviet Union — A Financial Power”. NATO Review, No. 3, 1974, p. 24.Google Scholar
- 10).As can be understood from the text, this was written before the Helsinki Conference. At the time of proof-reading in September 1976, I see no reason to change my doubts.Google Scholar