Congenital anomalies of the heart and great vessels

  • Martin Kaltenbach
  • Ronald E. Vlietstra


The following are listed according to their frequency in adults:
  • atrial septal defect (ASD);

  • ventricular septal defect (VSD);

  • coarctation of the aorta;

  • patent ductus arteriosus;

  • tetralogy of Fallot;

  • transposition of the great vessels;

  • Ebstein’s anomaly.


Pulmonary Artery Septal Defect Patent Ductus Arteriosus Atrial Septal Defect Ventricular Septal Defect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Kaltenbach
    • 1
  • Ronald E. Vlietstra
    • 2
  1. 1.Center of Internal Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Frankfurt University HospitalJohann Wolfgang Goethe UniversityFrankfurt/Main 70Germany
  2. 2.The Watson ClinicLakelandUSA

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