There’s no unemployment, and yet nobody works.
Nobody works, and yet the plan gets fulfilled.
The plan gets fulfilled, and yet there’s never anything in the shops.
There’s never anything in the shops, and yet every fridge is full.
Every fridge is full, and yet everyone complains.
Everyone complains, and yet the same people keep getting elected.
[Dembinski, 1991, p. xiii]
KeywordsMarket Economy Development Management Emerge Market Economy Valuable Element Soviet Research
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- For example, the rate of advance of technical understanding has probably been related to the number of educated employees engaged in R&D (Nelson et al., 1967, p. 17). In a more specific example of the manufacturing industry, Nelson (1980, p. 146) found that the differences in the pace of technological change responsible for productivity growth reflected disparities in R&D spending and R&D effectiveness. This subject is discussed further in Section 2.1.Google Scholar
- These resources, however, could have been a critical part of the reason why the old path was so fondly maintained; see discussion in Chapter 4. They may remain obstacles to rapid change in the future.Google Scholar
- Stephen Fortescue has just made a recent bibliographical review of pertinent material covering science and technology in the Soviet Union. His essay and lists, which are divided according to topics such as history, ideology, structure, behavior, and the future, are presented as an article in the Soviet Studies Guide (1992).Google Scholar