High-Temperature Solids-Gas Interactions

  • M. Q. Brewster
Conference paper

Abstract

This paper reviews recent studies of high-temperature, solid-particle, direct-contact heat transfer devices. Three different particle-gas flow configurations are covered: fluidized bed, entrained flow, and free-falling particle flow. Several preliminary experimental studies have been conducted using each of these flow configurations. These are discussed and comparisons between them are made. Some theoretical modeling of the radiative transport and gas-particle heat transfer has also been done. These various models are discussed and a review of pertinent techniques for modeling radiative transport in particulate media is given. Based on several modeling efforts some recommendations for improving solids-gas direct-contact heat transfer are given. These include promotion of lateral particle mixing in entrained and free-falling flows to reduce infrared emission losses and investigating “windowless” means of containment for fluidized bed solar receivers.

Keywords

Combustion Quartz Dust Convection Argon 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Martin, J. and Vitko, J., Jr., ASCUAS: A Solar Central Receiver Utilizing a Solid Thermal Carrier, Sandia Report, SAND82-8203, January 1982.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Martin, J., Solid Thermal Carriers for High Temperature Solar Applications, International Seminar on Solar Thermal Heat Production and Solar Fuels and Chemicals, W. Hoyer, Editor, German Aerospace Research Establishment, Oct. 13-14, 1983, Stuttgart, Germany.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Flamant, G., Theoretical and Experimental Study of Radiant Heat Transfer in a Solar Fluidized-Bed Receiver, AIChE J., Vol. 28, No. 4, July 1982, pp. 529–535.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Flamant, G. and Olalde, G., High Temperature Solar Gas Heating Comparison Between Packed and Fluidized Bed Receivers-I, Solar Energy, Vol. 31, No. 5, 1983, pp. 463–471.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Flamant, G., Olalde, G., and Gauthier, D., High Temperature Solar Gas-Solid Receivers, Alternative Energy Sources V. Part B: Solar Applications, editor by T. N. Veziroglu, Elsevier Science Publishers, B. V. Amsterdam, 1983.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bachovchin, D. M., Archer, D. H., Keairns, L. M., and Thomas, L. M., Design and Testing of a Fluidized-Bed Solar Thermal Receiver, Final Report by Westinghouse R & D Center and Georgia Institute of Technology to the Solar Energy Research Institute, August 1980 (Subcontract No. XP-9-8321-1).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bachovchin, D. M., Archer, D. H., Neale, D. H. Brown, C. T., and Lefferdo, J. M, Development and Testing of a Fluidized Bed Solar Thermal Receiver, Proc. 1981 Annual Meeting-Amer. Section International Solar Energy Society, TJ810-T56-81.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Neale, D. H. and Cassanova, R. A., Solar Thermal Hydrogen Production with a Direct Flux Chemical Reactor, presented at 6th Miami International Conference on Alternative Energy Sources, Dec. 1983.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Neale, D. H. and Cassanova, R. A., Water Gas Production with a Solar Thermal Direct Flux Chemical Reactor, presented at 22nd ASME/AIChE National Heat Transfer Conference, Aug. 1984.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hunt, A. J., Ayer, P. H., Miller, F., Russo, R., and Yuen, W., Solar Radiant Processing of Gas-Particle Systems for Producing Useful Fuels and Chemicals, presented at 23rd National Heat Transfer Conference ASME/AIChE, Denver, CO., Aug. 4-7, 1985.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hunt, A. J., A New Solar Thermal Receiver Utilizing a Small Particle Heat Exchanger LBL Report LBL-8520, presented at 14th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Boston, MA, Aug. 5-19, 1979.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fisk, W. J., Wroblewski, D. E., Jr., and Hunt, A. J., Performance Analysis of a Windowed High Temperature Gas Receiver Using a Suspension of Ultrafine Carbon Particles as the Absorber, LBL Report LBL-10100, presented at American Session of International Solar Energy Society Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AX, June 2-6, 1980.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hunt, A. J. and Brown, C. T., Solar Test Results of an Advanced Direct Absorption High Temperature Gas Receiver (SPHER), LBL Report LBL-16497, Proceedings of the 1983 Solar World Congress, Perth, Australia, Aug. 15-19, 1983.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hunt, A. J., Solar Radiant Heating of Small Particle Suspensions, LBL Report LBL-14077, Symposium Series Fundamentals of Solar Energy, Vol. 3, 1982.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hruby, J. M. and Steele, B. R., Examination of a Solid Particle Central Receiver: Radiant Heat Experiment, presented at the Solar Energy Conference, Knoxville, Tennessee, March 1985.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hruby, J. M. and Falcone, P. K., Momentum and Energy Exchange in a Solid Particle Solar Central Receiver, to be presented at 1985 ASME/AIChE National Heat Transfer Conference, Denver, Colorado, August 5-7, 1985.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Chandrasekhar, S., Radiative Transfer, Dover, New York, 1960.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hottel, H. C. and Sarofim, A. F., Radiative Transfer, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1967.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ozisik, M. N., Radiative Transfer and Interactions with Conduction and Convection, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1973.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Siegel, R. and Howell, J. R., Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1981.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Brewster, M. Q. and Tien, C. L., Radiative Transfer in Packed/Fluidized Beds: Dependent vs. Independent Scattering, J. Heat Transfer, Vol. 104, No. 4, Nov. 1982, pp. 573–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schuster, A., Radiation Through a Foggy Atmosphere, Astroph. J., Vol. 21, pp. 1–22, 1905.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Hamaker, H. C, Phillips Research Reports, Vol. 2, pp. 55, 103, 112, 420; 1947.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Chu, C. M. and Churchill, S. W., J. Phys. Chem., Vol. 59, pp. 855–863, 1955.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Brewster, M. Q. and Tien, C. L., Examination of the Two-Flux Model for Radiative transfer in Particulate Systems, Int. J. of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 25, No. 12, Dec. 1982, pp. 1905-6.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Daniel, K. J., Laurendeau, N. M., and Incropera, F. P., Prediction of Radiation Absorption and Scattering in Turbid Water Bodies, J. of Heat Transfer, Vol. 101, Feb. 1979, pp. 63–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Brewster, M. Q., Effective Emissivity of a Fluidized Bed, presented at ASME Winter Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Dec. 9-14, 1984, HTD-Vol. 40, pp. 7-13.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Falcone, P. K., Noring, J. E., and Hruby, J. M., Assessment of a Solid Particle Receiver for a High Temperature Solar Central Receiver System, Sandia National Laboratories, SAND85-8208, 1985.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Chen, J. C. and Chen, K. L., Analysis of Simultaneous Radiative and Conductive Heat Transfer in Fluidized Beds, Chem. Eng. Commun., Vol. 9, 1981, pp. 255–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hottel, H. C., Sarofim, A. F., Vasalos, I. A., and Dalzell, W. H., Multiple Scatter: Comparison of Theory with Experiment, J. Heat Transfer, Vol. 92, 1970, pp. 285–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Houf, W. G. and Greif, R., Radiative Transfer in a Solar Absorbing Particle Laden Flow, presented at ASME/AIChE Heat Transfer Conference, Denver, Colorado, August 5-7, 1985.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Evans, G., Houf, W., Greif R., and Crowe, C, Particle Flow within a High Temperature Solar Cavity Receiver Including Radiation Heat Transfer, presented at ASME/AIChE Heat Transfer Conference, Denver, Colorado, Aug. 5-7, 1985.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kolar, A. K., Grewal, N. S., and Saxena, S. C., Investigation of Radiative Contribution in a High Temperature Fluidized-Bed Using the Alternate-Salb Model, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 22, 1979, pp. 1695–1703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Borodulya, V. A. and Kovensky, V. I., Radiative Heat Transfer Between a Fluidized Bed and a Surface, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 26, No. 2, 1983, pp. 277–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Baskakov, A. P., Berg, B. V., Vitt, O. K., Filippovsky, N. F., Kirakosyan, V. A., Goldobin, J. M., and Maskaev, V. K., Heat Transfer to Objects Immersed in Fluidized Beds, Power Technology, Vol. 8, 1973, pp. 273–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Yang, Y. S., Howell, J. R., and Klein, D. E., Radiative Heat Transfer Through a Randomly Packed Bed of Spheres by the Monte Carlo Method, J. Heat Transfer, Vol. 105, May 1983, pp. 325–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Abbasi, M. H. and Evans, J. W., Monte Carlo Simulation of Radiant Transport Through an Adiabatic Packed Bed or Porous Solid, AIChE J., Vol. 28, No. 5, Sept. 1982, pp. 853–854.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Q. Brewster

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations