Congruences

  • Tom M. Apostol
Part of the Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics book series (UTM)

Abstract

Gauss introduced a remarkable notation which simplifies many problems concerning divisibility of integers. In so doing he created a new branch of number theory called the theory of congruences, the foundations of which are discussed in this chapter.

Keywords

Fermat 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom M. Apostol
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA

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