Sewage Sludge Fertilization in Pine Forests: Ecological Effects on Soil and Vegetation

  • Torleif Bramryd


Efforts to increase forest productivity have resulted in a need for fertilizers. Mostly energy-consuming synthetic fertilizers are used. At the same time sewage plants produce an increasing amount of sludge with a high nutrient concentration, especially nitrogen. This sludge has become a disposal problem but it could instead be used as fertilizer in forests.


Sewage Sludge Mineral Soil Mineralization Rate Mineral Layer Digested Sludge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Balsberg, A.M., 1975. Handledning i kemiska metoder vid växtekologiska arbeten (Handbook of chemical methods for plant ecological analyses). Meddn. Avd. Ekol. Bot. Lunds Univ., 3: 2, 95 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Bould, C., 1948. Availability of nitrogen in composts prepared from waste materials. Emp. J. Exp. Agric., 16: 103–110.Google Scholar
  3. Bramryd, T., 1976. Effekt av rötslamgödsling pâ kvävemineraliseringen i en planterad granskog (The effects of digested sludge application on the nitrogen mineralization in a planted spruce forest. English abstract). Meddn. Avd. Ekol. Bot. Lunds Univ., 4: 1–38.Google Scholar
  4. Delwiche, C.C., 1970. The nitrogen cycle. Sci. Am., 223: 136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Edmonds, R.L., 1976. Survival of coliform bacteria in sewage sludge applied to a forest clearcut and potential movement into groundwater. App1. Environ. Microbiol., 32: 537–546.Google Scholar
  6. Gerlach, A., 1973. Metodische Untersuchungen zur Bestimmung der Stickstoffnettomineralisation. Scr. Geobotan., 5: 1–115.Google Scholar
  7. Griffin, R.A., Frost, R.R. and Shimp, N.E., 1976. Effects of pH on the removal of heavy metals from leachates by clay minerals. In: W.H. Fuller (Ed.), Residue Management by Land Disposal, Proc. Hazardous Water Research Symp. Tucson, Arizona EPA - 600/9–015 July.Google Scholar
  8. Hinesly, T.D., Braids, 0.C., Dick, R.I., Jones, R.L. and Molina, J.-A.E., 1971. Agricultural benefits and environmental changes resulting from the use of digested sludge on field crops. Results of a Cooperative Project between the University of Illinois, the Metropolitan Sanitary District of Greater Chicago and U.S.E.P.A., 1–375.Google Scholar
  9. Jansson, S.L., 1958. Tracer studies on nitrogen transformations in soil with special attention to mineralization–immobilization relationships. K. LantbrHógsk. Annlr., 25: 101–361.Google Scholar
  10. Kirkham, M.B., 1974. Disposal of sludge on land: Effect on soils, plants and ground water. Compost Sci., 15: 6–10.Google Scholar
  11. Lance, J.C., Gerba, C.P. and Melnick, J.L., 1976. Virus movement in soil columns flooded with secondary sewage effluent. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 32: 520–526.Google Scholar
  12. Lynam, B.T., Sosewitz, B. and Hinesly, T.D., 1972. “Liquid fertilizer” to reclaim land and produce crops. Water Res., 6: 545–549.Google Scholar
  13. Mitsui, S., Ozaki, K. and Moriyama, M., 1954. On the volatization of the ammonia transformed from urea. Sci. Soil Manure, Tokyo, 25: 17–19.Google Scholar
  14. Nömmik, H. and Popovic, B., 1971. Recovery and vertical distribution of 15N labelled fertilizer nitrogen in forest soil. Studia Forest. Suecica, 92: 1–20.Google Scholar
  15. Popovic, B., 1974. N-mineralisering. Metodprvning av inkubationsfrsk felt och laboratorium (Evaluation of methods for incubation studies in situ and in vitro). The Swedish coniferous forest project. Internal report 11, 1–17.Google Scholar
  16. Sopper, W.E. and Kardos, L.T., 1973. Vegetation responses to irrigation with treated municipal wastewater. In: E. Sopper and T. Kardos (Eds.), Recycling Treated Municipal Wastewater and Sludge Through Forest and Cropland. The Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, University Park, pp. 269–294.Google Scholar
  17. Süss, A., 1976. Kobalt–Bestrahlung besser als Pasteurisierung. Umschau, 76: 752–753.Google Scholar
  18. Suess, A. and Lessel, T, 1977. Radiation treatment of sewage sludge–experience with an operating pilot plant. Radiat. Phys. Chem., 9: 353–370.Google Scholar
  19. Tamm, 0., 1959. Studier ever klimatets humiditet i Sverige (Studies of climatic humidity in Sweden). Bull. R. Sch. Forestry, Stockholm, Sweden, 32: 1–48.Google Scholar
  20. Tierney, J.T., Sullivan, R. and Larkin, E.P., 1977. Persistence of Polio Virus 1 in Soil and on Vegetation grown in Soil previously flooded with inoculated Sewage sludge on effluent. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 33: 109–113.Google Scholar
  21. Urie, D.H., 1973. Phosphorus and nitrate levels in groundwater as related to irrigation of Jack pine with sewage effluent. In: E. Sopper and T. Kardos (Eds.), Recycling Treated Municipal Wastewater and Sludge Through Forest and Cropland, The Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, University Park, pp. 269–294.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Torleif Bramryd
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant EcologyUniversity of Lund Ecology BuildingLundSweden

Personalised recommendations