Man’s Effect on Stratospheric Ozone

  • Hugh W. Ellsaesser

Abstract

Less than a decade has passed since McDonald in November 1970 (Dotto and Schiff, 1978) suggested to the U.S. Congress that H2O released in the stratosphere in SST exhaust would, by destroying O3, lead to an increase in skin cancer. Since then the list of potential modifiers of our UV-screen has grown to include NOx (Crutzen, 1970; Johnston, 1971), Cl (Hoshizaki et al.,1973; Stolarski and Cicerone, 1974), Br (Wofsy et al.,1975), bremsstrahlung x-rays from relativistic electron precipitation events (Thorne, 1976) and modifiers of stratospheric temperature (Blake and Lindzen, 1973; Boughner and Ramanathan, 1975). While cosmic ray-produced negative ions (Ruderman et al., 1976) and stratospheric particles (Cadle et al., 1974) had been proposed as possible destroyers of O3, these threats now appear to have been eliminated (Fehsenfeld et al., 1976; Olszyna et al., 1979).

Keywords

Methane Dioxide Transportation Ozone Geochemistry 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugh W. Ellsaesser
    • 1
  1. 1.Lawrence Livermore LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaLivermoreUSA

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