Advertisement

Nitrogen Diagenesis in Marine Sediments: Evidence for Suboxic and Anoxic Conversion of Organic-N to N2 Gas

  • Ross O. Barnes

Abstract

In Fig. 1 are depicted the nitrogen species of known or presumed biochemical importance in each formal valence state, and the known or presumed reaction pathways for the major biochemical nitrogen transformations. Certain intermediate species such as hydroxylamine and nitrous oxide are common to more than one biochemical pathway and a possibility exists for “leakage” of these species between reaction pathways under appropriate environmental conditions. In such cases, analyses of stable subtrates or end products may not provide complete information about the nitrogen biochemistry of the system studied, especially if the analyses do not include all possible substrates and the end products.

Keywords

Pore Water Pore Water Sampler Pore Water Concentration DSDP Site Pore Water Profile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexander, M., 1965. Introduction to Soil Microbiology. John Wiley and Sons, NY, 427 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Barnes, R.O., 1973. An in situ interstitial water sampler for use in unconsolidated sediments. Deep-Sea Res., 20: 1125–1128.Google Scholar
  3. Barnes, R.O., 1979. Operation of the IPOD In Situ pore water sampler. In: J.C. Sibuet and W.B.F. Ryan, et al. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, vol. 47, pt 2. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, pp. 19–22.Google Scholar
  4. Barnes, R.O. and Goldberg, E.D., 1976. Methane production and consumption in anoxic marine sediments. Geology, 4: 297–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barnes, R.O. and Will, B.R., 1980. Physical and diagenetic controls on the concentrations of dissolved Ar, N2 and CH4 in pore fluids from DSDP legs 47 to 57. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta.,in press.Google Scholar
  6. Barnes, R.O., Bertine, K.K. and Goldberg, E.D., 1975. N2:Ar, nitrification and denitrifica-tion in southern California borderland basin sediments. Limnol. Oceanogr., 20: 962–970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bender, M.L., Fanning, K.A., Froelich, P.N., Heath, G.R. and Maynard, V., 1977. Inter-stitial nitrate profiles and oxidation of sedimentary organic matter in the eastern equatorial Atlantic. Science, 198: 605–609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bender, M.L., Klinkhammer, G., Froelich, P.N., Luedtke, N., Emerson, S., Jahnke, R., Bowser, C. and Setlock, G., 1978. The significance of color banding in eastern equatorial Pacific sediments from MANOP study sites (Abstr.) Trans. Am. Geophys. Un., 59: 1117.Google Scholar
  9. Berner, R.A., 1977. Stoichiometric models for nutrient regeneration in anoxic sediments. Limnol. Oceanogr, 22: 781–786.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bremner, J.M. and Blackmer, A.M., 1979. Mechanisms of nitrous oxide production in soils. This volume, pp. 279–291.Google Scholar
  11. Dusenbury, J.H. and Powell, R.E., 1951. Reactions of nitrous acid. II. The reaction of nitrous acid with methylamine. J. Am. Chem. Soc.., 73: 3269–3270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Froelich, P.N., Klinkhammer, G.P., Bender, M.L., Luedtke, N.A., Heath, G.R., Cullen, D., Dauphin, P., Hammond, D., Blayne, H. and Maynard, V., 1979. Early oxidation of organic matter in pelagic sediments of the eastern equatorial Atlantic: suboxic diagenesis. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 43: 1075–1090.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fry, B.A., 1955. The Nitrogen Metabolism of Micro-organisms. Methuen and Co., London, 130 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Hammond D.E., 1974. Dissolved gases in Cariaco Trench sediments: anaerobic diagenesis. In: I. R. Kaplan (Ed.), Natural Gases in Marine Sediments. Plenum, NY, pp. 71–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hammond, D.E., Horowitz, R.M. and Broecker, W.S., 1973. Interstitial water studies, leg 15, dissolved gases at site 147. In: B. C. Heezen, I.G. MacGregor, et al. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, vol. 20. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, pp. 765–771.Google Scholar
  16. Li, Y.-H. and Gregory, S., 1974. Diffusion of ions in sea water and in deep-sea sediments. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 38: 703–714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Martens, C.S. and Berner, R.A., 1977. Interstitial water chemistry of anoxic Long Island Sound sediments. 1. Dissolved gases. Limnol. Oceanogr., 22: 10–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Moore, G.W. and Gieskes, J.M., 1980. Interaction between sediment and interstitial water near the Japan Trench, DSDP leg 57. In: R. Von Huene, N. Nasu, et al. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, vol. 57. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, in press.Google Scholar
  19. Reeburgh, W.S., 1969. Observations of gases in Chesapeake Bay sediments. Limnol. Oceanog 14: 368–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Reeburgh, W.S., 1976. Methane consumption in Cariaco Trench waters and sediments. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 28: 337–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Reeburgh, W.S. and Heggie, D.T., 1974. Depth distribution of gases in shallow water sediments. In: I. R. Kaplan (Ed.), Natural Gases in Marine Sediments. Plenum, NY, pp. 27–45.Google Scholar
  22. Sayles, F.L., Mangelsdorf, P.C., Wilson, T.R.S. and Hume, D.N., 1976. A sampler for the in situ collection of marine sedimentary pore waters. Deep-Sea Res., 23: 259–264.Google Scholar
  23. Thorstenson, D.C. and Mackenzie, F.T., 1974. Time variability of pore water chemistry in recent carbonate sediments, Devil’s Hole, Harrington Sound, Bermuda. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 38: 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Warford, A.L. Kosiur, D.R. and Doose, P.R., 1979. Methane production in Santa Barbara Basin sediments. Geomicrobiol. J, 1: 117–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Weiss, R.F., 1970. The solubility of nitrogen, oxygen and argon in water and seawater. Deep-Sea Res, 17: 721–735.Google Scholar
  26. Williams, D.L., Green, K., van Andel, T.H., Von Herzen, R.P., Dymond, J.R. and Crane, K.,1979. The hydrothermal mounds of the Galapagos Rift: observations with DSRV Alvin and detailed heat flow studies. J. Geophys, Res, 84: 7467–7484.Google Scholar
  27. Wise, D.L. and Houghton, G.6 1966. The diffusion coefficients of ten slightly soluble gases in water at 10–60 C. Chem. Eng. Sci. 21: 999–1010 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ross O. Barnes
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine StationWalla Walla CollegeAnacortesUSA

Personalised recommendations