ECHO Viruses

  • H. A. Wenner
  • A. M. Behbehani
Part of the Virology Monographs book series (VIROLOGY)

Abstract

The ECHO viruses (enteric cytopathogenic human orphan viruses) comprise a subgroup of the human enteroviruses: all are infectious for human beings. Although several may share common antigens, most are serologically unrelated. They have been grouped together with polio- and Coxsackie viruses because of similar physico-chemical properties, and because they are recoverable from the alimentary tract of human beings. Since 1951 when the first was recognized (Bobbins et al., 1951), 32 more have been discovered. In recent years 2 members of the group have been placed in other categories: ECHO 10 is now reovirus type 1 (Sabin, 1959), and ECHO 28 is a rhinovirus, provisionally type 1 (Tyrrell and Chanook, 1963). During the last 15 years numerous studies have brought to light much information on the properties, ecology and natural history of the ECHO viruses.

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Reference

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1968

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. A. Wenner
    • 1
  • A. M. Behbehani
    • 1
  1. 1.Section for Virus Research, Department of Pediatrics, School of MedicineUniversity of KansasKansas CityUSA

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