Advertisement

Comperative Aspects of Respiration and Circulation in Mammals

  • Heinz Bartels
Part of the Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Lungen- und Atmungsforschung book series (VGLA)

Abstract

Adaptational mechanisms concerning the higher metabolic rate in small mammals compared to big ones are discussed. The alveolar gas exchange area is relatively larger in small mammals, because the individual alveoli are smaller. The capillarization of muscle tissue is higher in small mammals like mice and small bats. Ventilation and cardiac index increase in correlation to metabolic rate. Blood oxygen affinity is lower in small mammals supporting oxygen delivery into tissue. From the point of view of comparative respiratory and circulatory physiology man has all the biological advantages to be “average”.

Key words

Alveoli Capillarization Gas diffusion Cardiac index Ventilation Oxygen affinity Bohr effect Altitude 2, 3-diphosphoglycerate Cytochrome oxidase Camel Llama Elephant Bat Mouse 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bartels, H.: Comparative physiology of oxygen transport in mammals Lancet 1964, 599–604Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bartels, H.: Some aspects of circulatory and respiratory functions in mammals. Amer. Heart J. 72, 1–6 (1966)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Petschow, D., Baumann, R. Würdinger, I., Bauer, C.: Comparative studies of hemoglobin from lowland and highland mammals and birds. Pflügers Arch. (in press)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schmidt-Nielsen, K., Pennycuik, P.: Capillary density in mammals in relation to body size and oxygen consumption. J. appl. Physiol. 200 746 (1961)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tenney, S. M., Remmers, J. E.: Comparative quantitative morphology of the mammalian lung: diffusing area. Nature (Lond.) 197, 54 (1963)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heinz Bartels
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für PhysiologieMedizinische Hochschule HannoverHannover 61Deutschland

Personalised recommendations