Abstract

This section is intended to outline methods of analysis using the separation of substances resulting from their movement in an electric field. This includes the phenomena of electrophoresis (of colloids) and ionophoresis (of crystalloids). However, the more general title is used because additional phenomena may play a part in analytically useful separations. Analytical methods depending primarily on electrode reactions (electrolytic methods, potentiometry, polarography etc.) are not considered here. Indeed an important consideration in the design of apparatus for electrical-transport analysis is to prevent the substances being analysed from coming into contact with the electrodes.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, M. E., M. L. Karon & R. E. Reeves: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 73, 2350 (1951)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alberty, R. A.: The Proteins (ed. H. Neurath & K. Bailey) 1, 46L New York: Academic Press 1953Google Scholar
  3. Alberty, R. A., & E. L. King: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 73, 517 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Babich, S. Ku.: 2. prikl. Chim. 20, 652 (1947)Google Scholar
  5. Babich, S. Ku.: Through Chem Abs. 43, 3975 (1949)Google Scholar
  6. Bechold, H.: Handbuch der biologischen Arbeitsmethoden. ed. E. Abderhalden Iii B p. 583. Berlin & Vienna: Urban & Schwarzenberg 1929Google Scholar
  7. Bergsma, F.: Chem. Weekbl. 48, 361, (1952)Google Scholar
  8. Biserte, G.: Biochim. et Biophysica. Acta 4, 416 (1950)Google Scholar
  9. Brattsten, I., & A. Nilsson: Ark. Kemi 3, 337 (1951)Google Scholar
  10. Brewer, A. K., S. L. Madorsky, J. K. Taylor, 38, 137 (1947)Google Scholar
  11. V. H. Dlbeler, P. Bradt, O. L. Parham, R. J. Britten & J. G. Reid JR.: J. Res. Nat. Bur. Standards 38, 137 (1947)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Butler, J. A. V., & J. M. L. Stephen: Nature (Lond.) 160, 469 (1947).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Consden, R., & A. H. Gordon: Biochemie. J. 46, 8 (1950)Google Scholar
  14. Consden, R., A. H. Gordon & A. J. P. Martin: Biochemie. J. 40, 33 (1946)Google Scholar
  15. Consden, R., & W. M. Stanier: Nature (Lond.) 169, 783 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Coolidge, T. B.: J. of Biol. Chem. 127, 551 (1939)Google Scholar
  17. Cremer, H. D., & A. Tiselius: Biochem. Z. 320, 273 (1950).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Durrum, E. L.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 72, 2943 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fischbach, H.: J. Amer. Pharm. Assoc. Sci. Ed. 37, 470 (1948)Google Scholar
  20. Fischbach, H.: Through Chem. Abs. 43, 7195 (1949)Google Scholar
  21. Foster, A. B.: Chem. & Ind. p. 1050 (1952).Google Scholar
  22. Gardell, S., A. H. Gordon & S. AQvIst: Acta them. scand. 4, 907 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gordon, A. H., B. Keil & K. Rebesta: Nature (Lond.) 164, 498 (1949)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gordon, A. H., B. Keil, K. Rebesta, O. Knessl & F. Orm: Coll. Czechoslov. Chem. Commun. 15, 1 (1950)Google Scholar
  25. Grass- Mann, W., & K. Hannio: Z. angew. Chem. 62, 170 (1950)Google Scholar
  26. Grass- Mann, W., & K. Hannio: Hoppe-Seylers Z. 292, 32 (1953).Google Scholar
  27. Haglund, H., & A. Tiselius: Acta chem. scand. 4, 957 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hall, D A Nature (Lond.) 162, 105 (1948)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Haugaard, G., & T. D. Kroner: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 70, 2135 (1948)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hess, E. L.: Science 113, 709 (1951)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Holt, C., K. D. Voigt & K. Gaede: Biochem. Z. 323, 345 (1952).Google Scholar
  32. Jacobsen, C. F., & J. LEoNis: C. R. Tray. Lab. C.rlsberg. Sér. Chim. 27 no. 14 (1951)Google Scholar
  33. Jaenicke, L.: Naturwiss. 39, 86 (1952)Google Scholar
  34. L. Jaenicke & I. Vollbrechtshausen: Naturwiss. 39, 86 (1952)Google Scholar
  35. Juda, W., & W. A. Mcrae: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 72 1044 (1950).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kakihana, H., H. Natsume & S. Yasima: J. Chem. Soc. J.pan Pure Chem. Sect. 71, 234 (1950)Google Scholar
  37. Kakihana, H., H. Natsume & S. Yasima: Through Chem. Abs. 45, 4599 (1951)Google Scholar
  38. Kekwick, R. A., J. W. Lyttleton, E. Brewer & E. S. Dreblow: Biochemie. J. 49, 253 (1951)Google Scholar
  39. KickhÖFen, B., & O. Westphal: Z. Naturforschg. 7b, 655 (1952)Google Scholar
  40. Kraus, K. A., & G. W. Smith J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 72, 4329 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kressmax, T. R. E.: Nature (Loud.) 165, 568 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Kunkel, H. C., & R. J. Slater: Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. Med. N. Y. 80, 42 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Kunkel, H. G., & A. Tiselius: J. Gen. Physiol. 35, 89 (1951).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Lecoq, H.: Bull. soc. roy. sci. Liége 13, 20 (1944)Google Scholar
  45. Lecoq, H.: Through Chem. Abs. 42, 6703 (1948)Google Scholar
  46. Lederer, M.: Research 4, 371 (1951)Google Scholar
  47. Lens, J.: Nature (Lond.) 157, 663 (1946)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Loos, R.: Mededel. Vlaam. Chem. Ver. 14, 135 (1952)Google Scholar
  49. Loos, R.: Through Chem. Abs. 47, 4409 (1953).Google Scholar
  50. Madorsky, S. L., & S. Straus: J. Res. Nat. Bur. Standards 38, 185 (1947)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Malm, O. J.: Scand. J. Clin. Lab. Invest. 2, 92 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Manecke, G.: Naturwiss. 39, 62 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Markham, R., & J. D. Smith: Biochemie. J. 52, 552 (1952)Google Scholar
  54. Martin, A. J. P., & R. L. M. Synge: Adv. Protein Chem. 2, 1 (1945)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Mcdonald, H. J., M. C. Urbin & M. B. Williamson: Science 112, 227 (1950)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Micheel, F., & F. P. Van DE Kamp: Angew. Chem. 64, 607 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Micheel, F., & F. P. Van DE Kamp: Through Chem. Abs. 47, 1545 (1953)Google Scholar
  58. Michl, H.: Monatsh. 82, 489 (1951)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Michl, H.: Through Chem. Abs. 46, 2429 (1952)Google Scholar
  60. Michl, H.: Monatsh. 83, 737 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Michl, H.: Through Chem. Abs. 46, 10802 (1952)Google Scholar
  62. Molle, L.: Ann. soc. roy. sci. med. et nat. Bruxelles 5, 9 (1952)Google Scholar
  63. Molle, L.: Through Chem. Abs. 46, 9345 (1952)Google Scholar
  64. Mould, D. L., & R. L. M. Synge: Biochemie. J. 50, 21; (1951)Google Scholar
  65. Mould, D. L., & R. L. M. Synge: Analyst. 77, 964 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Norberg, E., & D. French: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 72, 1202 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Nowotny, A.: Acta physiol. Acad. Sci. Hung. 1, 27 (1950).Google Scholar
  68. Peniston, Q. P., H. D. Agar & J. L. Mccarthy: Anal. Chem. 23, 994 (1951)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Piez, K. A., E. B. Tooper & L. S. Fosdick: J. of Biol. Chem. 191, 669 (1952).Google Scholar
  70. Roland, J. F., JR., I. Millman & J. W. Giffee, JR.: J. of Biol. Chem. 202, 857 (1953)Google Scholar
  71. Rutgers, A. J., & R. Swynwenouw: Nature (Lond.) 168, 727 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Sanger, F., & E. O. P. Thompson: Biochemie. J. 53, 353–366 (1953)Google Scholar
  73. Sato, T. R., W. P. Norris & H. H. Strain: Anal. Chem. 21, 776 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Smith, R. F., & D. R. Briggs: J. Phys. Coll. Chem. 54, 33 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Sokolova, I. V.: Veterinariya 29 no. 4, 56 (1952)Google Scholar
  76. Sokolova, I. V.: Through Chem. Abs. 46, 7612 (1952)Google Scholar
  77. Sperber, E.: J. of Biol. Chem. 166, 75 (1946)Google Scholar
  78. Spiegel-Adolf, M.: Handbuch der biologischen Arbeitsmethoden ed. E. Abderhalden Iii B p. 595. Berlin & Vienna: Urban & Schwarzenberg 1929Google Scholar
  79. Spiegler, K. S., & C. D. Coryell: Science 113, 546 (1951)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Sternberg, J.: Canad. Med. Assoc. J. 68, 284 (1953)Google Scholar
  81. Strain, H. H.: J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 61, 1292 (1939)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Strain, H. H., & G. W. Murphy: Anal. Chem. 24, 50 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Strain, H. H., & J. C. Sullivan: Anal. Chem. 23, 816 (1951)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Svensson, H.: Ark. Kemi, Mineral. Geol. 22 A, no. 10 (1946)Google Scholar
  85. Svensson, H.: Adv. Protein Chem. 4, 251 (1948)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Svensson, H., & I. Brattsten: Arkiv Kemi 1, 401 (1950)Google Scholar
  87. Synge, R. L. M.: Biochemie. J. 48, 429 (1951a)Google Scholar
  88. Synge, R. L. M., & A. Tiselius: Biochemie. J. 46, 261 (1950).Google Scholar
  89. Teorell, T.: Progress in Biophysics 3, 305 (1953)Google Scholar
  90. Theorell, H., & A. Akeson: Ark. Kemi, Min. Geol. 16A, 8 (1942)Google Scholar
  91. Tiselius, A.: Les Prix Nobel en 1948 p. 102Google Scholar
  92. Tiselius, A.: Stockholm: P. A. Norstedt & Söner 1949Google Scholar
  93. Tiselius, A., & P. Flodin: Adv. Protein Chem. 8, 461 (1953)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Tsao, M. U.: Scand. J. Clin. Lab. Invest. 2, 102 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Turba, F., & H. J. Enenkel: Naturwiss. 37, 93 (1950)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Turba, F., & H. Esser: Angew. Chem. 65, 256 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Urbach, K. F., & J. J. Svarz: Science 108, 93 (1948).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Walaas, E., & O. Walaas: Acta physiol. scand. 17, 222 (1949)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Westhaver, J. W.: J. Res. Nat. Bur. Standards 38, 169 (1947)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Wieland, T., & E. Fischer: Naturwiss. 35, 29 (1948).Google Scholar
  101. Zhukov, I. I.: Uspekhi Khim. 12, 265 (1943).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1956

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. L. M. Synge

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations