The Effects of Fluorides on Livestock, with Particular Reference to Cattle

  • James L. Shupe
  • Ernest W. Alther
Part of the Handbuch der experimentellen Pharmakologie / Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology book series (HDBEP, volume 20)

Abstract

Fluorine occurs throughout the world in soil, vegetation, water, and animal tissues. Because of its chemical reactivity, it is found in nature in a combined (fluoride) form. The terms fluoride and fluorine will be used interchangeably in this chapter.

Keywords

Toxicity Arthritis Dust Lipase Radium 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • James L. Shupe
    • 1
  • Ernest W. Alther
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Veterinarian, Animal Disease and Parasite Research DivisionU.S. Agricultural Research ServiceLoganUSA
  2. 2.Fluorine CommissionSwiss Academy of Medical SciencesBasleSwitzerland

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