Electrolyte and Water Transport across Epithelial Cells

  • A. Leaf
  • N. S. Lichtenstein
  • M. M. Civan


We have been studying the urinary bladder of the toad, Bufo marinus, as a model transporting epithelium which actively moves sodium from urine to body fluids [1, 2]. The results of two recent studies, which relate to the functional structure of this tissue and to how itspermeability properties are modified by vasopressin, will be presented.


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    Leaf, A., J. Anderson, and L. B. Page, 1958: Active sodium transport by the isolated toad bladder. J. Gen. Physiol. 41, 657.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Frazier, H. S., and A. Leaf, 1964: Cellular mechanisms in the control of body fluids. Medicine 43, 281.Google Scholar
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    Ewer, R. F., 1952: The effect of pituitrin on fluid distribution in Bufo regularis Reuss. J. Exper. Biol. 29, 173.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Leaf
    • 1
  • N. S. Lichtenstein
    • 1
  • M. M. Civan
  1. 1.Departments of MedicineHarvard Medical School and the Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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