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Turbulence pp 45-107 | Cite as

External Flows

  • H.-H. Fernholz
Part of the Topics in Applied Physics book series (TAP, volume 12)

Abstract

“External” turbulent flows are those in which the turbulent region is significantly affected by at most one wall. An example is the boundary layer on an airfoil (Fig. 2.1) and an example without walls is the wake behind the airfoil. Although the interaction between a turbulent shear layer and the non-turbulent “inviscid” flow outside it is often important even in external flows, it is convenient to defer the treatment of interactions until Chapter 3 on internal flow (bounded by at least two walls) in which they are always important. Conversely the treatment of boundary layers in the present chapter is applicable to turbomachine blades and other internal flows. Several topics such as streamline-curvature effects and separation are introduced in the present chapter and illustrated by simple external-flow examples, while the more complicated flow situations are discussed in Chapter 3.

Keywords

Boundary Layer Shear Layer Skin Friction Turbulent Boundary Layer Separation Bubble 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1976

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  • H.-H. Fernholz

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