General Introduction

  • Peter J. van den Elsen
Part of the Molecular Biology Intelligence Unit book series (MBIU)

Abstract

This book presents a number of studies concerning the human T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire and transplantation. In transplantation, the major complication is acute cellular rejection. The immunological mechanisms that mediate allograft rejection are not yet fully understood but it is well established that T-lymphocytes play an important role through recognition of peptide antigens presented in the context of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules expressed by the allograft. These complexes of MHC and peptide are seen as foreign by the immune repertoire of the host. The function of MHC class I molecules is to present peptides which originate from endogenous sources whereas MHC class II molecules present mainly peptides that originate from the exogenous antigen processing pathway. These complexes of MHC and peptide serve as ligands for the αβ T-cell receptor of cytotoxic T cells (MHC class I) or helper T cells (MHC class II). Both MHC class I and class II molecules are extremely polymorphic, and each allelic form can present a specific subset of peptides. T-cell recognition of antigens requires that they are processed into peptides and that these peptide antigens subsequently are presented by MHC class I or class II molecules at the surface of an antigen presenting cell (APC). Formation of a trimolecular complex of MHC, peptide and TCR is a prerequisite for T-cell activation prior to exertion of T-cell function, explaining the phenomenon of MHC restriction of antigen recognition.

Keywords

Arthritis Influenza Luminal Malaria Cytosol 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

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  • Peter J. van den Elsen

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