Control of Wood Structure

  • Ryo Funada
Part of the Plant Cell Monographs book series (CELLMONO, volume 11)

Summary

The secondary xylem cells of woody plants, such as tracheids and wood fibres, have cell walls with a highly organized structure. The orientation of cellulose microfibrils in the primary wall determines the direction of cell elongation and expansion, thereby controlling the shape and size of xylem cells. In contrast, the orientation of microfibrils in the secondary wall, in particular in the thick middle layer (S2 layer), is closely related to several of the mechanical properties of wood. Thus, the ability to control the orientation of cellulose microfibrils in the secondary wall might allow us to change the quality of wood and its products. There is considerable evidence that the dynamics of cortical microtubules are closely related to the orientation and localization of newly deposited cellulose microfibrils in the differentiating tracheids or wood fibres. Thus, it seems very likely that manipulation of cortical microtubules would allow control of the orientation of microfibrils, with a consequent improvement of wood quality.

Keywords

Cellulose Lignin Shrinkage Biodegradation Fibril 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryo Funada
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forest ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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