Role of Glycoproteins of the Immune and Blood Coagulation Systems

  • Inka Brockhausen
  • William Kuhns
Part of the Medical Intelligence Unit book series (MIU.LANDES)

Abstract

Immunoglobulins and immunoglobulin-like cell surface domains are the most pervasive structures of the immune system. The latter group comprises over 70 members of the immunoglobulin superfamily which control cell behavior by acting as matrix binders, intercellullar adhesion molecules and/or signal transducing molecules. Many glycoproteins are found on the surfaces of cells of the immune system and their functions may be greatly influenced by glycosylation.1 For example, terminal sialic acid on lymphocytes helps to maintain normal homing patterns to tissues and organs; this function is altered following treatment of cells with neuraminidase.2 Neuraminidase also greatly reduces the colony forming ability of bone marrow stem cells.’ Selectin-mediated adhesion of leukocytes and tumor cells expressing sialyl Lex to endothelium is believed to antecede cell migration to ectopic sites of inflammation.4

Keywords

Carbohydrate Influenza Integrin Thrombin Fibrinogen 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inka Brockhausen
    • 1
  • William Kuhns
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry, Research Institute, Hospital for Sick ChildrenUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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