The Septum as a Pacemaker for the Hippocampal Theta Rhythm

  • Robert Miller
Part of the Studies of Brain Function book series (BRAIN FUNCTION, volume 17)


Before one can deal with the rhythmic interplay between hippocampus and iso-cortex, many questions need to be resolved about the physical mechanism of the theta rhythm. In the next two chapters the focus is on the mechanisms controlling the initiation and frequency of the theta rhythm. Chapter 5 concentrates on the theta rhythm per se, while Chapter 6 considers evidence that there is more than one variety of theta rhythm and control mechanism. Here, the following questions are addressed: What brain mechanisms initiate theta activity? What mechanism sets the frequency of the theta rhythm? It appears that the septal region is involved in both these processes; but is the septum sufficient to initiate rhythmic activity in the hippocampus, or does the hippocampus contribute any rhythmic capacity of its own to the theta rhythm? How does the septum control initiation and frequency of theta activity? Is it here that the frequency is set, or in some of its afferent signals arriving from the brainstem and elsewhere? In any case, how does the rest of the brain control the production and frequency of the theta rhythm?


Rhythmic Activity Theta Activity Theta Rhythm Medial Septum Septal Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Miller
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of Otago Medical SchoolDunedinNew Zealand

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