Summary and Future Directions
It has been nearly two decades since CCK and gastrin-like peptides were discovered in central and peripheral neurons. These peptides have gained importance in research for several reasons. First, they occur in the mammalian central nervous system at a higher concentration than that of any other known neuropeptide. Second, their distribution is unique, with a highest expression in the cerebral cortex. Third, animal and human studies have suggested a role for these peptides in psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, schizophrenia and eating disorders.
KeywordsPanic Disorder Panic Attack Locus Ceruleus Panic Symptom Panic Disorder Patient
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.