Summary and Future Directions

  • Jacques Bradwejn
  • Eero Vasar
Part of the Neuroscience Intelligence Unit book series (NIU.LANDES)


It has been nearly two decades since CCK and gastrin-like peptides were discovered in central and peripheral neurons. These peptides have gained importance in research for several reasons. First, they occur in the mammalian central nervous system at a higher concentration than that of any other known neuropeptide. Second, their distribution is unique, with a highest expression in the cerebral cortex. Third, animal and human studies have suggested a role for these peptides in psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, schizophrenia and eating disorders.


Panic Disorder Panic Attack Locus Ceruleus Panic Symptom Panic Disorder Patient 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacques Bradwejn
  • Eero Vasar

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