Advertisement

Nonlinear Devices

  • Walter Koechner
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 1)

Abstract

Nonlinear optical devices, such as harmonic generators and parametric oscillators, provide a means of extending the frequency range of available laser sources. In 1961, Franken and coworkers detected ultraviolet light at twice the frequency of a ruby laser beam when this beam was propagated through a quartz crystal [10.1].This experiment marked the beginning of an intense investigation into the realm of the nonlinear optical properties of matter.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 10.1
    P.A. Franken, A.E. Hill, C.W. Peters, G. Weinreich: Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 118 (1961)ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. 10.2
    B.Ya. Zel’dovich, Y.I. Popovichev, V.V. Ragul’skii, F.S. Faizullov: Soy. Phys. JETP 15, 109 (1972)Google Scholar
  3. 10.3
    N. Bloembergen: Nonlinear Optics ( Benjamin, New York 1965 )Google Scholar
  4. 10.4
    P.D. Maker, R.W. Terhune, M. Nisenoff, C.M. Savage: Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 21 (1962)ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 10.5
    J.A. Giordmaine: Phys. Rev. Lett. 8, 19 (1962)ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 10.6
    M. Born, E. Wolf: Principles of Optics ( Macmillan, New York 1964 )Google Scholar
  7. 10.7
    J.E. Midwinter, J. Warner: Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 1135 (1965)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 10.8
    H.P. Weber, E. Mathieu, K.P. Meyer: J. Appl. Phys. 37, 3584 (1966)ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 10.9
    G.D. Boyd, A. Ashkin, J.M. Dziedzic, D.A. Kleinman: Phys. Rev. 137, 1305 (1965)ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.10
    M.V. Hobden: J. Appl. Phys. 38, 4365 (1967)ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 10.11
    F. Zernike, J.E. Midwinter: Applied Nonlinear Optics ( Wiley, New York 1973 )Google Scholar
  12. 10.12
    D.A. Kleinman, A. Ashkin, G.D. Boyd: IEEE J QE-2, 425 (1966)Google Scholar
  13. 10.13
    G.D. Boyd, D.A. Kleinman: J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597 (1968)ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 10.14
    R.L. Sutherland: Handbook of Nonlinear Optics ( Dekker, New York 1996 )Google Scholar
  15. 10.15
    R.W. Boyd: Nonlinear Optics ( Academic, San Diego, CA 1992 )Google Scholar
  16. 10.16
    D.L. Mills: Nonlinear Optics, 2nd edn. ( Springer, Berlin Heidelberg 1998 )MATHGoogle Scholar
  17. 10.17
    D.A. Kleinman: In Laser Handbook, ed. by. F.T. Arecchi, E.O. Schulz-DuBois ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1972 ) Vol. 2, pp. 1229–1258Google Scholar
  18. 10.18
    D. Hon: In Laser Handbook, ed. by M. Stitch ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1979 ) Vol. 3, pp. 421–456Google Scholar
  19. 10.19
    F.A. Jenkins, H.E. White: Fundamentals of Optics ( McGraw-Hill, New York 1957 )MATHGoogle Scholar
  20. 10.20
    N.F. Nye: Physical Properties of Crystals ( Clarendon, Oxford 1960 )Google Scholar
  21. 10.21
    W.F. Hagen, P.C. Magnante: J. Appl. Phys. 40, 219 (1969)ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 10.22
    K. Kato: IEEE J. QE-10, 622 (1974)Google Scholar
  23. 10.23
    K. Kato: IEEE J. QE-10, 616 (1974)Google Scholar
  24. 10.24
    A.V. Smith, D.J. Armstrong, W.J. Alford: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 122 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 10.25
    R.C. Miller: Phys. Lett. A 26, 177 (1968)ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 10.26
    A. Ashkin, G.D. Boyd, J.M. Dziedzic: Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 14 (1963)ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 10.27
    G.E. Francois: Phys. Rev. 143, 597 (1966)ADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 10.28
    D. Eimerl: Laser Program Annual Report, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Ca., Report UCRL-50021–83, (1983) pp. 6–69Google Scholar
  29. 10.29
    D. Eimerl: IEEE J QE-23, 1361 (1987)Google Scholar
  30. 10.30
    F.R. Nash, G.D. Boyd, M. Sargent, P.M. Bridenbaugh: J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2564 (1970)ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 10.31
    M. Okada, S. Ieiri: IEEE J QE-7, 469 (1971)Google Scholar
  32. 10.32
    M. Okada, S. Ieiri: J. QE-7, 560 (1971)Google Scholar
  33. 10.33
    R.S. Adhav, R.W. Wallace: IEEE J QE-9, 855 (1973)Google Scholar
  34. 10.34
    R.G. Smith: J. Appl. Phys. 41, 3014 (1970)ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 10.35
    D. Eimerl: The potential for efficient frequency conversion at high average power using solid state nonlinear optical materials. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Report UCID. 20565 (October 1985)Google Scholar
  36. 10.36
    R. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. Fan, R. Byer: IEEE J. QE-26, 922 (1990)Google Scholar
  37. 10.37
    S. Liu: J. Appl. Phys. 67, 634 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 10.38
    K. Kato: Opt. Commun. 9, 249 (1973)ADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 10.39
    R.S. Craxton, S.D. Jacobs, J.E. Rizzo, R. Boni: IEEE J QE-17, 1782 (1981)Google Scholar
  40. 10.40
    Lasermetrics, Electro-Optics Div., Englewood, New Jersey, Data Sheet 8701, Optical Harmonic Generating Crystals (February 1987)Google Scholar
  41. 10.41
    J.C. Jacco, G.M. Loiacono: Final Report under contract DAAK20–83-C-0139, Night Vision and Electro-Optics Lab. Fort Belvoir, VA 22060 (1986)Google Scholar
  42. 10.42
    R.P. Jones: Solid State Lasers and Nonlinear Crystals, ed. by G.J. Quarks, L. Esterowitz, L.K. Cheng. SPIE Proc. 2379, 357 (1995)Google Scholar
  43. 10.43
    Y.S. Liu, D. Dentz, R. Belt: Opt. Lett. 9, 76 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 10.44
    B.K. Vainshtein: Fundamentals of Crystals, Mod. Crystallography, Vol. 1 ( Springer, Berlin Heidelberg 1994 )Google Scholar
  45. 10.45
    J.C. Jacco, G.M. Loiacono, M. Jaso, G. Mizell, B. Greenberg: J. Cryst. Growth 70, 484 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  46. 10.46
    J.D. Bierlein: Growth, Characterization, and Application of Laser Host and Nonlinear Crystals, ed. by J.T. Liu. SPIE Proc. 1104, 2 (1989)Google Scholar
  47. 10.47
    J.W. Yao, T.S. Fahlen: J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65 (1984)ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 10.48
    K. Kato: IEEE J QE-27, 1137 (1991)Google Scholar
  49. 10.49
    Castech-Phoenix, Inc., Fuzhou, China, Data Sheet KTPGoogle Scholar
  50. 10.50
    R.C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y.X. Fan, R.L. Byer: IEEE J QE-26, 922 (1990)Google Scholar
  51. 10.51
    J.D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 622 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  52. 10.52
    T.Y. Fan, C.E. Huang, B.Q. Hu, R.C. Eckardt, Y.X. Fan, R.L. Byer, R.S. Feigelson: Appl. Opt. 26, 2390 (1987)ADSGoogle Scholar
  53. 10.53
    K. Asaumi: Appl. Opt. 32, 5983 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  54. 10.54
    F.C. Zumsteg, J.D. Bierlein, T.E. Gier: J. Appl. Phys. 47, 4980 (1976)ADSGoogle Scholar
  55. 10.55
    L.K. Cheng, L.T. Cheng, J.D. Bierlein, F.C. Zumsteg: Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 346–348 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  56. 10.56
    J.D. Bierlein, H. Vanherzeele: Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 783–785 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  57. 10.57
    S. Zhao, C. Huang, H. Zhang: J. Cryst. Growth 99, 805 (1990)Google Scholar
  58. 10.58
    C.L. Tang, W.R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R.J. Lane, L.K. Cheng: Laser Focus World p. 87 (Sept. 1990)Google Scholar
  59. 10.59
    J.T. Lin, C. Chen: Lasers and Optronics 6, 59 (November 1987)Google Scholar
  60. 10.60
    J.T. Lin: Analyses of frequency conversion and application of nonlinear crystals, Proc. Int’l Conf. Lasers ( STS, Arlington, VA 1986 ) p. 262Google Scholar
  61. 10.61
    C. Chen, Y.X. Fan, R.C. Eckardt, R.L. Byer: CLEO ‘86 (San Francisco, CA) paper ThQ4Google Scholar
  62. 10.62
    K.C. Liu, M. Rhoades: CLEO ‘87 (Baltimore, MD)Google Scholar
  63. 10.63
    K. Kato: IEEE J QE-22, 1013 (1986)Google Scholar
  64. 10.64
    M. Bass: IEEE J. QE-7, 350 (1971)Google Scholar
  65. 10.65
    A.M. Glass, D. von der Linde, T.J. Negran: Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 233 (1974)ADSGoogle Scholar
  66. 10.66
    W.J. Kozlovsky, C.D. Nabors, R.L. Byer: IEEE J. QE-24, 913 (1988)Google Scholar
  67. 10.67
    I. Schutz, R. Wallenstein: Proc. CLEO ‘80 (Anaheim, CA) paper CWC4Google Scholar
  68. 10.68
    J.E. Geusic, H.J. Levinstein, S. Singh, R.G. Smith, L.G. Van Uitert: Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 306 (1968)ADSGoogle Scholar
  69. 10.69
    C.B. Hitz, J. Falk: Frequency doubled neodymium laser. Rept. AFAL-TR-12, Air Force Avionics Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, Ohio (1971)Google Scholar
  70. 10.70
    J.M. Yarborough, J. Falk, C.B. Hitz: Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 70 (1971)ADSGoogle Scholar
  71. 10.71
    C.B. Hitz: Final Report, Contract NASA-20967, G.C. Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Ala. (July 1970)Google Scholar
  72. 10.72
    W. Culshaw, J. Kannelaud, J.E. Peterson: IEEE J. QE-10, 253 (1974)Google Scholar
  73. 10.73
    R.G. Smith: IEEE J QE-6, 215 (1970)Google Scholar
  74. 10.74
    T. Baer: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1175 (1986)ADSGoogle Scholar
  75. 10.75
    Y.F. Chen, T.M. Huang, C.L. Wang, L.J. Lee: Appl. Opt. 37, 5727 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  76. 10.76
    V. Magni, G. Cerullo, S. DeSilvestri, O. Svelto, L.J. Qian, M. Danailov• Opt. Lett. 18, 2111 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  77. 10.77
    M.D. Selker, T.J. Johnson, G. Frangineas, J.L. Nightingale, D.K. Negus: CLEO ‘86 (Anaheim, CA), Techn. digest, p.602Google Scholar
  78. 10.78
    G.E. James, E.M. Harrell, C. Bracikowski, K. Wiesenfeld, R. Roy: Opt. Lett. 15, 1141 (1990)ADSGoogle Scholar
  79. 10.79
    M. Oka, S. Kubota: Opt. Lett. 13, 805 (1988)ADSGoogle Scholar
  80. 10.80
    J.E. Murray, S.E. Harris: J. Appl. Phys. 41, 609 (1970)ADSGoogle Scholar
  81. 10.81
    D.T. Hon: IEEE J QE-12, 148 (1976)Google Scholar
  82. 10.82
    B.J. LeGarrec, G.J. Razé, P.Y. Thro, M. Gilbert: Opt. Lett. 21, 1990 (1996)ADSGoogle Scholar
  83. 10.83
    J.J. Chang, E.P. Dragon, C.A. Ebbers, I.L. Bass, C.W. Cochran: Advanced Solid State Lasers (Coeur d’Alene, ID) (OSA, Washington, DC 1998) Postdeadline Paper PD15–1Google Scholar
  84. 10.84
    G.A. Massey, J.M. Yarborough: Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 576 (1971)ADSGoogle Scholar
  85. 10.85
    M.V. Ortiz, J.H. Fair, D.J. Kuizenga: Advanced Solid State Lasers, ed. by L. Chase, A. Pinto 13, 361 ( OSA, Washington, DC 1992 )Google Scholar
  86. 10.86
    T.S. Fahlen, P.E. Perkins: CLEO ‘84, (Washington, DC) paper ThC1.Google Scholar
  87. 10.87
    J.Q. Yao, Y. Li, D.P. Zhang: High Power Solid State Laser, ed. by H. Weber. SPIE Proc. 1021, 181 (1988)Google Scholar
  88. 10.88
    C.J. Kennedy: IEEE J. QE-10, 528 (1974)Google Scholar
  89. 10.89
    C.B. Hitz, L.M. Osterink: Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 378 (1971)ADSGoogle Scholar
  90. 10.90
    J. Falk: IEEE J. QE-11, 21 (1975)Google Scholar
  91. 10.91
    O. Bernecker: IEEE J. QE-9, 897 (1973)Google Scholar
  92. 10.92
    C.B. Hitz, J. Falk: Frequency doubled neodymium laser. Rept. AFAL-TR-72–12, Air Force Avionics Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, Dayton, Ohio (1972)Google Scholar
  93. 10.93
    T.R. Gurski: Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 5 (1969)ADSGoogle Scholar
  94. 10.94
    J.H. Boyden, E.G. Erickson, R. Webb: Mode-locked frequency doubled neodymium laser. Tech. Report AFAL-TR-70–214, Air Force Avionics Lab., Wright-Patterson, Dayton, Ohio (1970)Google Scholar
  95. 10.95
    R.R. Rice, G.H. Burkhardt: Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 225 (1971)ADSGoogle Scholar
  96. 10.96
    J.A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, P.S. Pershan: Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962)ADSGoogle Scholar
  97. 10.97
    W. Seka, S.D. Jacobs, J.E. Rizzo, R. Boni, R.S. Craxton: Opt. Commun. 34, 469–473 (1980)ADSGoogle Scholar
  98. 10.98
    R.S. Craxton: IEEE J QE-17; 1771 (1981); Opt. Commun. 34, 474 (1980)Google Scholar
  99. 10.99
    A.D. Hays, L.R. Marshall, R. Burnham: Advanced Solid State Lasers (Hilton Head, SC) (OSA, Washington 1991) postdeadline paper PdP8Google Scholar
  100. 10.100
    H. Hemmati, J.R. Lesh: Optics Lett. 19, 1322 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  101. 10.101
    J. Kasinski, P. Boumes, D. DiBiase, R. Burnham: In CLEO ‘83 (Baltimore, MD) paper CW11; Technical Digest Series 11 274 (OSA, Washington DC 1993)Google Scholar
  102. 10.102
    G.J. Linford, B.C. Johnson, J.S. Hildum, W.E. Martin, K. Snyder, R.D. Boyd, W.L. Smith, C.L. Vercimak, D. Eimerl, J.T. Hunt: Appl. Opt. 21, 3633 (1982)ADSGoogle Scholar
  103. 10.103
    B.C. Johnson, T. Marchl, J. Mihoevich, W.L. Smith, J.E. Swain, R. Wilder, J.D. Williams: Int’l Quant. Electr. Conf. Baltimore, MD (1983), Paper TUESGoogle Scholar
  104. 10.104
    Special issue on optical parametric oscillation and amplification. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1659–1791 (1993)Google Scholar
  105. 10.105
    D.C. Edelstein, E.S. Wachmann, C.L. Tang: Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1728 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  106. E.S. Wachmann, D.C. Edelstein, C.L. Tang: Opt. Lett. 15, 136 (1990)ADSGoogle Scholar
  107. E.S. Wachmann, W.S. Pelouch, C.L. Tang: J. Appl. Phys. 70, 1893 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  108. 10.106
    G. Mak, Q. Fu, H.M. van Driel: Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 542 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  109. Q. Fu, G. Mak, H.M. van Driel: Opt. Lett. 17, 1006 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  110. 10.107
    W.S. Pelouch, P.E. Powers, C.L. Tang: Opt. Lett. 17, 1070 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  111. 10.108
    H.J. Krause, W. Daum: Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 2180 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  112. 10.109
    R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G.P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, R. Righini: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2222 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  113. 10.110
    D.R. Walker, C.J. Flood, H.M. van Driel: Opt. Lett. 20, 145 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  114. 10.111
    A. Lauberau: Optical nonlinearities with ultrashort pulses. In Ultrashort Light Pulses and Applications, ed. by W. Kaiser, 2nd edn., Topics Appl. Phys., Vol. 60 ( Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York 1993 ) p. 35Google Scholar
  115. 10.112
    J.A. Giordmaine, R.C. Miller: Phys. Rev. Lett. 14, 973 (1965)ADSGoogle Scholar
  116. 10.113
    S.E. Harris: IEEE Proc. 57, 2096 (1969)Google Scholar
  117. 10.114
    R.G. Smith: In Laser Handbook 1, ed. by F.T. Arecchi, E.O. Schultz-DuBois (North-Holland, Amsterdam 1972) pp. 837–895, also Lasers, ed. by A.K. Levine, A.J. De Maria ( Dekker, New York 1976 ) Vol. 4, pp. 189–307Google Scholar
  118. 10.115
    S.J. Brosnan, R.L. Byer: IEEE J QE-15, 415–443 (1979)Google Scholar
  119. 10.116
    R.L. Byer: In Quantum Electronics: A Treatise, ed. by H. Rabin, C.L. Tang (Academic, New York 1973 ) Vol. I, Pt. B, pp. 587–702Google Scholar
  120. 10.117
    G.D. Boyd, A. Ashkin: Phys. Rev. 146, 198 (1966)ADSGoogle Scholar
  121. 10.118
    L.R. Marshall, A.D. Hays, J.J. Kasinski, R. Burnham: Adv. Solid State Lasers, Salt Lake City, UT (OSA Washington, DC, March 1990) Postdeadline paper WC8PD-2Google Scholar
  122. 10.119
    J.J. Kasinski, R. Burnham: CLEO’90 (Anaheim, CA) Dig. Tech. Papers, paper CMF5Google Scholar
  123. 10.120
    L.R. Marshall, A.D. Hays, R. Burnham: CLEO ‘80 (Anaheim, CA) Dig. Tech. Paper, postdeadline paper CPDP35–1Google Scholar
  124. 10.121
    J.E. Bjorkholm: IEEE J QE-7, 109 (1971)Google Scholar
  125. 10.122
    M.J.T. Milton, T.D. Gardiner, G. Chourdakis, P.T. Woods: Opt. Lett. 19, 281 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  126. 10.123
    R.L. Burnham: Final Report Solid-State Mid Infrared Source. Contract: DAAB07–87-CF074 Fibertek, Inc. (1988)Google Scholar
  127. 10.124
    J. Yao, W. Sheng, W. Shi: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 891 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  128. 10.125
    D. Eimerl: J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968 (1987)ADSGoogle Scholar
  129. 10.126
    C.L. Tang, W.R. Bosenberg, T. Ukachi, R. Lane, L. Cheng: Laser Focus World, p. 107 (Oct. 1990)Google Scholar
  130. 10.127
    K. Kato: IEEE J QE-27, 1137 (1991)Google Scholar
  131. 10.128
    J.T. Lin, J.L. Montgomery: Opt. Commun. 75, 315–320 (1990)ADSGoogle Scholar
  132. 10.129
    R. Burnham, R.A. Stolzenberger, A. Pinto: IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1, 27–28 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  133. 10.130
    W.R. Bosenberg, L.K. Cheng, J.D. Bierlein: Adv. Solid State Lasers and Compact Blue-Green Lasers, New Orleans, LA (OSA, Washington, DC 1993 ) Vol. 2, pp. 134–135Google Scholar
  134. 10.131
    T. Chuang, J. Kasinski, H.R. Verdun: TOPS on Advanced Solid State Lasers 1, 150 ( OSA, Washington, DC 1996 )Google Scholar
  135. 10.132
    S. Chandra, T.H. Allik, J.A. Hutchinson, R. Utano, G. Catella: TOPS Advanced Solid State Lasers 10, 270 ( OSA, Washington, DC 1997 )Google Scholar
  136. 10.133
    S. Chandra, T.H. Allik, G. Catella, J.A. Hutchinson: Advanced Solid State Lasers (Coeur d’Alene, ID) (OSA, Washington, DC 1998) p. 102, paper AMD5–1Google Scholar
  137. 10.134
    M.M. Fejer, G.A. Magel, D.H. Jundt, R.L. Byer: IEEE J. QE-28, 2631 (1992)Google Scholar
  138. 10.135
    L.E. Myers, R.C. Eckardt, M.M. Fejer, R.L. Byer: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995)ADSGoogle Scholar
  139. 10.136
    L.E. Myers, W.R. Bosenberg: IEEE J. QE-33, 1663 (1997)Google Scholar
  140. 10.137
    G.J. Dixon: Laser Focus World, p. 105 (May 1997)Google Scholar
  141. 10.138
    D.H. Jundt: Opt. Lett. 22, 1553 (1997)ADSGoogle Scholar
  142. 10.139
    L.E. Myers, W.R. Bosenberg, J.I. Alexander, M.A. Arbore, M.M. Fejer, R.L. Byer: Advanced Solid State Laser Conference, San Francisco (OSA, Washington, DC 1996) Post-deadline paper PD5–1Google Scholar
  143. 10.140
    W.R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, L.E. Meyers: Advanced Solid State Laser Conference San Francisco (OSA, Washington, DC 1996) Techn. digest, p.68 paper WD1–1Google Scholar
  144. 10.141
    T. Chuang, R. Burnham: Opt. Lett. 23, 43 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  145. 10.142
    T. Chuang, R. Burnham: Advanced Solid-State Laser Conference Boston, MA (OSA, Washington, DC 1999) Techn. digest p. 118, paper ME3–1Google Scholar
  146. 10.143
    K.C. Burr, C.L. Tang: Opt. Lett. 22, 1458 (1997)ADSGoogle Scholar
  147. 10.144
    T.P. Grayson, L.E. Myers, M.D. Nelson, V. Dominic: Advanced Solid State Laser Conference San Francisco, CA 1996 (OSA, Washington, DC) Techn. digest, p.71, paper WD2–1Google Scholar
  148. 10.145
    G.D. Miller, R.G. Batchko, W.M. Tulloch, D.R. Weise, M.M. Fejer, R.L. Byer: Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997)ADSGoogle Scholar
  149. 10.146
    M. Taya, M.C. Bashaw, M.M. Fejer: Opt. Lett. 21, 857 (1996)ADSGoogle Scholar
  150. 10.147
    J.P. Meyn, M.M. Fejer: Opt. Lett. 22, 1214 (1997)ADSGoogle Scholar
  151. 10.148
    M.E. Klein, D.H. Lee, J.P. Meyn, B. Beier, K.J. Boller, R. Wallenstein: Opt. Lett. 23, 831 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  152. 10.149
    T. Kartaloglu, K.G. Köprülü, O. Aytür, M. Sundheimer, W.P. Risk: Opt. Lett. 23, 61 (1998)ADSGoogle Scholar
  153. 10.150
    V. Pasiskevicius, S. Wang, H. Karlsson, J.A. Tellefsen, F. Laurell: Advanced Solid State Lasers ( Coeur d’Alene, ID) (OSA, Washington, DC 1998 ) p. 183Google Scholar
  154. 10.151
    A.V. Smith: SNLO Nonlinear Optics Code. Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM (Software package available from A.V. Smith)Google Scholar
  155. 10.152
    M.J. Roskar, C.L. Tang: J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 691 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  156. 10.153
    T.Y. Fan, R.C. Eckardt, R.L. Byer, J. Nolting, R. Wallenstein: Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2014 (1988)ADSGoogle Scholar
  157. 10.154
    A. Fix, C. Huang, T. Shroder, R. Wallenstein: CLEO ‘80 (Anaheim, CA) Tech. Digest, p. 248, paper CWE8Google Scholar
  158. 10.155
    J.G. Haub, M.J. Johnson, B.J. On, R. Wallenstein: CLEO ‘81 (Baltimore, MD) Techn. Digest, paper CFM1Google Scholar
  159. 10.156
    W.L. Bosenberg, L.K. Cheng, C.L. Tang: Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  160. 10.157
    L.R. Marshall, A. Kaz, O. Aytur: Opt. Lett. 18, 817 (1993)ADSGoogle Scholar
  161. 10.158
    E.J. Woodbury, W.K. Ng: Proc. IRE 50, 2367 (1962);Google Scholar
  162. E.J. Woodbury, G.M. Eckhardt: US Patent 3,371,265 (27 February 1968 )Google Scholar
  163. 10.159
    R.L. Byer: Frequency conversion via stimulated Raman scattering. Electro-Optical Systems Design, p. 24–29 (February 1980)Google Scholar
  164. 10.160
    Y.R. Shen: Stimulated Raman scattering, in Light Scattering in Solids I 2nd edn., ed. by M. Cardona, Topics Appl. Phys., Vol. 8 (Springer, Berlin Heidelberg 1983) Chap. 7Google Scholar
  165. 10.161
    G.L. Eesley: Coherent Raman Spectroscopy ( Pergamon, New York 1981 );Google Scholar
  166. A. Owyoung: CW stimulated Raman spectroscopy, in Chemical Applications of Nonlienar Raman Spectroscopy, ed. by B. Harvey ( Academic, New York 1981 ) pp. 281–320Google Scholar
  167. 10.162
    W. Kaiser, M. Maier: Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy, in Laser Handbook Vol. II, ed. by F.T. Arecchi, E.O. Schulz-DuBois ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1972 )Google Scholar
  168. 10.163
    F.P. Milanovich: Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, Vol. 3, ed. by M.J. Weber (CRC, Boca Raton, Florida 1986 ) p. 283Google Scholar
  169. 10.164
    B.E. Perry: Photonics Spectra (1984) p.45; also Data sheet for Quanta-Ray Model RS-1Google Scholar
  170. 10.165
    D.G. Bruns, D.A. Rockwell: High energy Raman resonator. Hughes Aircraft Comp. Culver City, California, Final Report, Report FR–81–72–1035 (1981)Google Scholar
  171. 10.166
    O. Yu Nosach V.I. Popovichev, V.V. Ragul’skii, F.S. Faizullov: JETP Lett. 16, 435 (1972)ADSGoogle Scholar
  172. 10.167
    D.A. Rockwell: IEEE J QE-24, 1124 (1988)Google Scholar
  173. 10.168
    D.T. Hon: Opt. Eng. 21, 252–256 (1982)Google Scholar
  174. 10.169
    I.D. Carr, D.C. Hanna: Appl. Phys. B 36, 83 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  175. 10.170
    D.M. Pepper: Optical Engineering 21, 156–286 (1982) Special issue on Non-linear optical phase conjugationGoogle Scholar
  176. 10.171
    R.A. Fisher (ed.): Optical Phase Conjugation ( Academic, New York 1983 )Google Scholar
  177. 10.172
    B.Ya. Zel’dovich, N.F. Pilipetsky, V.V. Shkunov: Principles of Phase Conjugation, Springer Ser. Opt. Sci., Vol. 42 ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1985 )Google Scholar
  178. 10.173
    D.M. Pepper: Nonlinear optical phase conjugation, in Laser Handbook, Vol. 4, pp. 333–485, ed. by M.L. Stitch, M. Bass ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1985 )Google Scholar
  179. 10.174
    N.F. Andreev, M.A. Dvoretskii, A.A. Leshchev, V.G. Manishin, G.A. Pasmanik, T.P. Samarina: Soy. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 928 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  180. 10.175
    A. Kummrow, H. Meng: Opt. Commun. 83, 342 (1991)ADSGoogle Scholar
  181. 10.176
    R. Menzel, H.J. Eichler: Phys. Rev. A 46, 7139 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  182. 10.177
    R. Menzel, D. Schulze: Proc. Int’l Summer School on Applications of Nonlinear Optics, Prague (1993)Google Scholar
  183. 10.178
    W. Kaiser, M. Maier: Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy, in The Laser Handbook ed. by F.T. Arecchi, E.O. Schulz-DuBois (North Holland, Amsterdam 1972) Vol. 2Google Scholar
  184. 10.179
    D. Cotter, D.C. Hanna, R. Wyatt: Appl. Phys. 8, 333 (1975)ADSGoogle Scholar
  185. 10.180
    S.A. Ashmanov, Yu.E. D’yakov, L.I. Pavlov: Soy. Phys. JETP 39, 249–256 (1974) 10.181 M. Maier, G. Renner: Phys. Lett. A 34, 299–300 (1971)Google Scholar
  186. 10.182
    H.J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel: IEEE J. QE-31, 1265 (1995)Google Scholar
  187. 10.183
    V.N. Belousov, Yu.K. Nizienko: Opt. Spectroscopy (USSR) 58, 563 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  188. 10.184
    N.G. Basov, V.F. Efimkov, I.G. Zubarev, A.V. Kotov, S.I. Mikhailov, M.G. Smirnov: JETP Lett 28, 197 (1978)ADSGoogle Scholar
  189. 10.185
    H.J. Eichler, A. Haase, R. Menzel: Proc. Int’l Summer School and Top. Meeting on Applications on Nonlinear Optics, Prague (1993)Google Scholar
  190. 10.186
    J.J. Eichler, R. Menzel, D. Schumann: Appl. Opt. 31, 5038 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  191. 10.187
    M. Ostermeyer, A. Heuer, R. Menzel: IEEE J QE-34, 372 (1998)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Koechner
    • 1
  1. 1.Fibertek, Inc.HerndonUSA

Personalised recommendations