Introduction

  • Valentin G. Dmitriev
  • Gagik G. Gurzadyan
  • David N. Nikogosyan
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 64)

Abstract

Thirty years ago, in 1960, Maiman (USA) created the first source of coherent optical radiation, namely, a ruby laser generating in the red spectral region (λ = 694.3 nm) [1.1]. Several years later a great family of lasers was already in existence. The following types were known:
  1. 1)

    solid-state lasers, e.g., Nd:CaWO4 with a radiation wavelength of 1.065 µm [1.2], neodymium glass (λ = 1.06 µm) [1.3], Nd:YAG (λ = 1.064 µm) [1.4];

     
  2. 2)

    gas lasers, e.g., He-Ne (λ = 0.6328, 1.1523, 3.3913 µm) [1.5], argon ion (λ = 0.488, 0.5145 µm) [1.6], CO2 (λ = 9.6, 10.6 µm) [1.7];

     
  3. 3)

    dye lasers [1.8,9];

     
  4. 4)

    semiconductor lasers [1.10–12];

     

and so on. The radiation wavelengths of the above lasers were either fixed or tunable over a small range. It was a matter of practical importance to widen the range of wavelengths generated by laser sources.

Keywords

Quartz Argon Neodymium Ruby CaWO4 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valentin G. Dmitriev
    • 1
  • Gagik G. Gurzadyan
    • 2
  • David N. Nikogosyan
    • 3
  1. 1.Moscow Physico-Technical InstituteDolgoprudnyi, Moscow RegionUSSR
  2. 2.NPO “Lazernaya Tekhnika”Yerevan, ArmeniaUSSR
  3. 3.Institute of SpectroscopyUSSR Academy of SciencesTroitzk, Moscow RegionUSSR

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