Detectors and Signal Processing

  • Ludwig Reimer
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 45)


The most effective detection systems for secondary electrons (SE), which has a low noise level and a large bandwidth, is the Everhart-Thornley detector. Electrons are collected by a positively biased grid in front of a scintillator biased at +10kV. The light emission is recorded by a photomultiplier tube. Scintillation detectors can also be used for backscattered electrons (BSE) when the solid angle of collection is increased. Other alternatives for BSE are semiconductor detectors or the conversion of BSE to SE.


Secondary Electron Proportional Counter Quantum Energy Semiconductor Detector Fano Factor 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ludwig Reimer
    • 1
  1. 1.Physikalisches InstitutWestfätlische Wilhelms-Univeraität MünsterMünsterFed. Rep. of Germany

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