Theory of Laser Oscillation

  • Koichi Shimoda
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 44)


In Chap. 6 we investigated the output characteristics of the laser with the use of rate equations. In this chapter we shall investigate laser oscillation by taking the phase into consideration, so that the interaction between atoms and laser radiation may be treated not merely as a probability of induced emission but as a coherent interaction. Such theories can be classified into two types: the semiclassical theory in which light is treated as classical electromagnetic waves described by the Maxwell equations, while the behavior of atoms in the electromagnetic field is described quantum-mechanically, and the fully quantum-mechanical theory, in which not only the atoms are quantized but also the light, and both are treated quantum-mechanically.


Ring Laser Population Inversion Laser Medium Laser Oscillation Combination Frequency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 9.1
    K. Shimoda, T. C. Wang, C. H. Townes: Phys. Rev. 102, 1308 (1956)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 9.2
    B. van der Pol: Proc. IRE 22, 1051 (1934)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 9.3
    K. Shimoda, T. Yajima, Y. Ueda, T. Shimizu, T. Kasuya: Quantum Electronics I (Shokabo, Tokyo 1972) [in Japanese]Google Scholar
  4. 9.4
    M. Sargent III, M. O. Scully, W. E. Lamb, Jr.: Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading 1974)Google Scholar
  5. 9.5
    S. E. Harris, O. P. McDuff: IEEE J. QE-1, 245 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 9.6
    W. E. Lamb, Jr.: Phys. Rev. 134, A1429 (1964)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 9.7
    B. L. Gyorffy, M. Borenstein, W. E. Lamb, Jr.: Phys. Rev. 169, 340 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 9.8
    S. Stenholm, W. E. Lamb, Jr.: Phys. Rev. 181, 618 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.9
    B. J. Feldman, M. S. Feld: Phys. Rev. A 1, 1375 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 9.10
    K. Shimoda, K. Uehara: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 10, 460 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 9.11
    K. Uehara, K. Shimoda: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 10, 623 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 9.12
    H. Haken: Laser Theory (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1984)Google Scholar
  13. 9.13
    D. Marcuse: Principles of Quantum Electronics (Academic, New York 1980)Google Scholar
  14. 9.14
    H. Risken, C. Schmid, W. Weidlich: Z. Phys. 193, 37 (1966)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 9.15
    M. Lax, W. H. Louisell: IEEE J. QE-3, 47 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koichi Shimoda
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science and TechnologyKeio UniversityKohokuku, Yokohama 223Japan

Personalised recommendations