Improving Patient/Ventilator Interactions

  • N. MacIntyre
Part of the Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (YEARBOOK, volume 1999)


Mechanical ventilation modes that permit spontaneous ventilatory activity are termed ‘interactive’ modes, in that patients can influence various aspects of the mechanical ventilator’s functions. These interactions can range from simple triggering of mechanical breaths to more complex processes affecting delivered flow patterns and breath timing (Table 1). Interactive modes require spontaneous ventilatory efforts to be present and are generally utilized when these efforts have some degree of regularity and the patient’s respiratory function does not require total control by the ventilator.


Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Tracheal Pressure Spontaneous Breath Ventilatory Muscle Flow Synchrony 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

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  • N. MacIntyre

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