Prevention of Critical Illness: Determinants of Risk

  • J. F. Bion
Part of the Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (YEARBOOK, volume 1999)


Multiple organ failure (MOF) and intensive care are inter-dependent phenomena. The relationship is complicated by the fact that the more severe the illness, the greater the need for therapeutic support, the higher the costs of care, and the worse the outcome. The net result is that it costs twice as much to generate a non-survivor as it does a survivor amongst emergency admissions to intensive care [1], and somewhere around 40% of the intensive care unit (ICU) budget may be lost in this way [2]. Given the international trend towards cost-containment in health care it seems unlikely that this situation will be accepted indefinitely by health service agencies.


Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Critical Illness Multiple Organ Failure Medical Emergency Team Meningococcal Meningitis 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

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  • J. F. Bion

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