Current Status of Prone Position in ARDS

  • M. Martinez
  • L. Blanch
Part of the Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (YEARBOOK, volume 1997)


Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by impaired oxygenation and bilateral pulmonary infiltrates due to predisposing disease that causes diffuse alveolar damage and changes in the alveolocapillary membrane (increasing vascular permeability). This condition leads to the development of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema that originates maldistribution of ventilation and perfusion in the lungs. Despite many new strategies designed to improve survival in patients suffering ARDS, the mortality rate is still around 50% and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is the only widely accepted supportive treatment to improve oxygenation in these patients.


Acute Lung Injury Prone Position Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Acute Respiratory Failure Functional Residual Capacity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Martinez
  • L. Blanch

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