Trees III pp 152-163 | Cite as

Linden Trees (Tilia spp.)

  • B. P. A. M. Kunneman
  • M. R. J. Albers
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 16)


Tilia is a common tree in the temperate latitudes of the northern hemisphere. The genus consists of approximately 40 large or medium-sized deciduous species (Fig. 1). The genus Tilia is the only representative of the family of Tiliaceae. Most of the American and European species have 82 chromosomes. The East Asiatic species have 164 chromosomes (Darlington and Wylie 1955). Young shoots are characterized by a zigzag growth. Winter buds are prominent. The leaves alternate in two opposite rows on the branches, and are toothed and heart-shaped at the base. Flowers are small and bracteae are large. Fruits are nut-like (Bean 1980). Tilia has a great recovery potential, as a result of which, trees may reach a very great age. Tilia prefers sun and a rich, humid, loamy soil. The trees have a well-developed root system and are not sensitive to wind.


Spider Mite Basal Callus Seedling Rootstock East Asiatic Species Linden Tree 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bean WJ (1980) Trees and shrubs hardy in the British isles, vol 6. Murray, London, 808 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Chalupa V (1984) In vitro propagation of Oak (Quercus robur L.) and Linden (Tilia cordata Mill.). Biol Plant 26 (5): 374–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chalupa V (1987) Effect of benzylaminopurine and thidiazuron on in vitro shoot proliferation of Tilia Google Scholar
  4. cordata Mill., Sorbus aucuparia L. and Robinia pseudoacacia L. Biol Plant 29 (6):425–429 Darlington CD, Wylie AP (1955) Chromosome atlas of flowering plants. Allen and Unwin, London, 519 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Dirr MA (1983) Manual of woody landscape plants: Their identification, ornamental characteristics, culture propagation and uses. Stipes, Champaign, 759 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Kunneman BPAM, Albers MRJ (1989) Vermeerdering van Tilia via weefselkweek. Rapp Proefst Boomkwekerij (in press)Google Scholar
  7. Marks TR, Simpson SE, Beckham CF, Dobeson HE (1985) East Mailing Res St; Report for 1985: 72–73Google Scholar
  8. Marks TR, Wiltshire SE, Shepherd HR, Beckham CF (1986) East Mailing Res Station; Report for 1986: 33Google Scholar
  9. O Riorddin F (1988) COST 87: directory of European plant tissue culture laboratories. Commiss EC, 74 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Sha L, McCown BH, Peterson LA (1985) Occurence and cause of shoot-tip necrosis in shoot cultures. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 110 (5): 631–634Google Scholar
  11. Sinclair WA, Lyon HH, Johnson WT (1987) Diseases of trees and shrubs. Cornell Univ Press, Ithaca, US, 574 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. P. A. M. Kunneman
  • M. R. J. Albers
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Station for Nursery StockBoskoopThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations