Trees III pp 408-422 | Cite as

Engelmann Spruce

(Picea engelmannii Parry ex. Engelm.)
  • I. S. Harry
  • T. A. Thorpe
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 16)


Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii Parry ex. Engelm.) is also known as Columbian spruce, mountain spruce, silver spruce, and white spruce (Fowells 1965). This species is named after George Engelmann, a German-American physician (1809–84), and it is one of about 50 species of spruces found in the northern hemisphere, seven of which are indigenous to North America. They are valued for their strong, light-weight, light-colored, fine-grained, even-textured, and longfibered wood (Alexander 1974). Engelmann spruce is an extremely important timber-producing species in western Canada and the United States of America. In some states like Colorado and Wyoming, Engelmann spruce-subalpine fir forests are the largest and most valuable timber resource (Alexander 1974), but in areas of the high Rockies, these forests are valued as watershed protectors and as wildlife habitats, since they occupy one of the highest and coldest forest environments in the western United States and Canada (Alexander 1986a).


Somatic Embryo Bark Beetle Indole Butyric Acid Organogenic Callus Nursery Seedling 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. S. Harry
  • T. A. Thorpe
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Physiology Research Group, Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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