Trees III pp 339-357 | Cite as

Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa Laws.)

  • D. D. Ellis
  • D. E. Bilderback
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 16)


Pinus ponderosa Laws. (ponderosa pine) is one of the most widely distributed timber species in the United States. Its natural range includes every state west of the Great Plains and extends north into western Canada and south into Mexico. When young, the bark is dark gray in color; however, as the tree ages, it forms a characteristic thick, flaky, red-yellow, fire-resistant bark. Unable to tolerate shade, ponderosa pine usually grows in open stands (Fig. 1). A long tap root contributes to the tree’s drought tolerance, and it may live as long as 300 years (Gruell et al. 1982). Ponderosa pine is an economically important pine in western North America and produces more timber than any other American pine (Lee and Pfister 1978). In 1987 the western United States produced 3816 million board feet of ponderosa pine, representing one-third of all softwood lumber produced by these states (Warren 1989).


Peptide Profile Tissue Culture Vessel Mature Cotyledon Softwood Lumber Lower Cotyledon 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. D. Ellis
    • 1
  • D. E. Bilderback
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of HorticultureUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Biological SciencesUniversity of MontanaMissoulaUSA

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