Trees III pp 317-338 | Cite as

Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster Sol.)

  • M. Rancillac
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 16)


The genus Pinus is the most important among the Conifers, with about 80 species, one of which is the maritime pine, Pinus pinaster Sol. (2n = 24). It is a resinous tree with persistent and very long needles two or three of which are grouped into fascicles with a basal sheath. Huge female cones, 12–15 cm high, consist of many fertile scales, each bearing two winged seeds, which are spread by the wind in the third year after pollination. They have a fleshy endosperm surrounding the 6–7-mm-long embryo, which includes five to nine cotyledons. After outside soil germination, tree growth occurs by one or two annual sap flushes that set successive growths of branches around the trunk. Adult, 20–35-m-tall trees (Fig. 1) have a thick cracked bark, dark purple outside, dark red inside. They grow in noncalcareous soils.


Mycorrhizal Fungus Mother Tree Pinus Pinaster Rooted Cutting Pisolithus Tinctorius 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Rancillac
    • 1
  1. 1.Station de Physiopathologie VégétaleINRADijon CedexFrance

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