Advertisement

Trees III pp 23-43 | Cite as

Sour Cherry (Prunus cerasus L.)

  • J. A. Marin
  • R. Gella
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 16)

Abstract

The sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) forms, together with other species of the genus Prunus, the subgenus Cerasus, where other interesting species are: P. fruticosa Pallas, which forms a hybrid with P. cerasus locally common in Central Europe; P. mahaleb L., used as a rootstock; and P. avium L., the most important for both fruit and wood. The hybrid between P. avium and P. cerasus, P. × gondouinii (Poiteau and Turpin) Rehder, is cultivated in W. Europe as the Duke cherry. Sour cherry is similar in many aspects to sweet cherry (P. avium), but it is usually a shrub or a small tree without a well-defined trunk and with many suckers, and has smaller and firmer leaves, which do not drop. It is usually self-fertile and the fruit, bright red and sour, is mainly used for preserving.

Keywords

Callus Culture Sweet Cherry Sour Cherry Prune Dwarf Virus Cherry Rootstock 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bajaj YPS (1986) In vitro preservation of genetic resources — techniques and problems. In: Int Symp Nuclear techniques and in-vitro culture for plant improvement. IAEA/FAO, Vienna 1985, pp 43–57Google Scholar
  2. Baumann G, Casper R, Kornkamhaeng P (1984) Detection of prune dwarf virus by ELISA in meristem propagated sour cherry plants during in vitro culture. Phytopathol Z 110: 168–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Borkowska B (1985a) Micropropagation of sour cherry, cultivar Schattenmorelle. Acta Hortic 169: 329–333Google Scholar
  4. Borkowska B (1985b) The effect of cold storage of sour cherry culture on their morphology and metabolic activity of leaves. Bull Pol Acad Biol 33: 17–21Google Scholar
  5. Borkowska B, Michalczuk L (1987) The physiological disorders of sour cherry cultures: necrosis and vitrification. Acta Hortic 212: 235–237Google Scholar
  6. Borkowska B, Michalczuk L (1989) Uptake and translocation of45Ca2+ in sour cherry shoots cultivated in vitro. Sci Hortic 40: 35–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boxus P, Druart P (1986) Virus-free trees through tissue culture. In: Bajaj YPS (cd) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol I: Trees I. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 24–30Google Scholar
  8. Boxus P, Quoirin M (1977) Comportement en pépinière d’arbres fruitiers issus de culture “in vitro”. Acta Hortic 78: 373–379Google Scholar
  9. Cerovié R, Ruzié D (1987) Micropropagation of sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) cv. Sumadinka. Plant Cell Tissue Org Cult 9: 151–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Christensen JV (1985) Production of cherries in Western Europe. Acta Hortic 169: 15–26Google Scholar
  11. Cociu V, Gozob T (1985) The sour cherry breeding program in Romania. Acta Hortic 169: 91–96Google Scholar
  12. Coffin R, Taper CD, Chong C (1976) Sorbitol and sucrose as carbon source for callus culture of some species of the Rosaceae. Can J Bot 54: 547–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cossio F (1981) Moltiplicazione “in vitro” di quattro cultivar di ciliegio acido. Frutticoltura 43: 19–24Google Scholar
  14. Cossio F, Marino G, Rosati P (1981) Moltiplicazione “in vitro” del ciliegio acido “Vladimir”. Riv Ortoflorofrutt It 65: 285–292Google Scholar
  15. Coutanceau M (1953) Arboriculture fruitière: technique et économie des cultures de rosacées fruitières ligneuses. Baillière, ParisGoogle Scholar
  16. Crane MB, Lawrence WJC (1947) The genetics of garden plants, 3rd edn. Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Czynczyk A, Radwan-Pytlewski P, Borkowska B (1986) Preliminary results on growth of sour cherry trees, cv. Schattenmorelle, propagated by in vitro technique. In: Conf Fruit tree technology Moët Hennessy, Oct 14–15, Paris, p 47Google Scholar
  18. De Bry L (1988) Prospects in the mating of robotics to plant culture and research. In: Horticulture in high technology era, Spec Lect, May 10–11, Tokyo, pp 61–72Google Scholar
  19. Druart P (1985) Multiplication conforme de sujets porte-greffe et de variétés de cerisiers par la culture in vitro. Acta Hortic 169: 319–328Google Scholar
  20. Druart P, Gruselle R (1986) Plum (Prunus domestica). In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol I: Trees I. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 130–154Google Scholar
  21. FAO (ed) (1975) Production yearbook, FAO, Rome, vol 29: 196Google Scholar
  22. Feucht W, Schmid PPS (1986) ATPasen und Phosphatsen aus Kultiviertem Sprosskallus von Prunus avium und Prunus cerasus. Gartenbauwissenchaft 51: 280–284Google Scholar
  23. Feucht W, Schmid PPS, Christ E (1983) Compatibility in Prunus avium/Prunus cerasus grafts during initial phase. II. Reduction of cell number and peroxidases in the rootstock cambium. Sci Hortic 21: 225–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Feucht W, Schmid PPS, Christ E (1985) Determination of peroxidases and acid phosphatases in the phloem of cherry grafts by microscopic photometry. Acta Hortic 169: 179–186Google Scholar
  25. Fogle HN (1975) Cherries. In: Janick J, Moore JN (eds) Advances in fruit breeding. Purdue Univ Press, West Lafayette, pp 348–366Google Scholar
  26. Gautheret RJ (1959) La culture des tissues végétaux. Masson, ParisGoogle Scholar
  27. Gebhardt K (1985) Self-rooted sour cherries in vitro: auxin effects on rooting and isoperoxidases. Acta Hortic 169: 341–349Google Scholar
  28. Heinz K (1985) Selection within existing dark sour cherry varieties. Acta Hortic 169: 143–146Google Scholar
  29. lezzoni AF (1985) Genetic differences for spring floral bud development among sour cherry cultivars. Acta Hortic 169: 123–126Google Scholar
  30. Ivanićka J, Prefová A (1986) Cherry (Prunus avium L.). In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol I: Trees I. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 154–169Google Scholar
  31. James DJ (1987) Cell and tissue culture technology for the genetic manipulation of temperate fruit trees. Biotechnol Genet Eng Rev 5: 33–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jones OP, Hopgood ME (1979) The successful propagation in vitro of two rootstocks of Prunus: the plum rootstock Pixy (P. insititia) and the cherry rootstock F12/1 (P. avium). J Hortic Sci 54: 63–66Google Scholar
  33. Jones OP, Hopgood ME, O’Farrell D (1977) Propagation in vitro of M26 apple rootstocks. J Hortic Sci 52: 235–238Google Scholar
  34. Kozai T, Oki H, Fujiwara K (1987) Effects of CO, enrichment and sucrose concentration under high photosynthetic photon fluxes on growth of tissue-cultured Cymbidium plantlets during the preparation stage. In: Proc Symp Plant micropropagation in horticultural industries, Aug. 10–14, Arlon, pp 135–141Google Scholar
  35. Kramer S (1985) Production of cherries in the European socialist countries. Acta Hortic 169: 27–34Google Scholar
  36. Kreutmeier C, Gebhardt K, Paul L, Feucht W (1984) The effect of MgSO, and CaCl, on regeneration of shoot-tip cultures of Prunus cerasus in vitro. Gartenbauwissenschaft 49: 204–212Google Scholar
  37. Linsmaier EM, Skoog F (1965) Organic growth factor requirements of tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol Plant 18: 100–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Marin JA, Gella R (1987) Acclimatization of the micropropagated cherry rootstock Masto de Montahana (Prunus cerasus L.). Acta Hortic 212: 603–606Google Scholar
  39. Marin JA, Gella R, Herrero M (1988) Stomatal structure and functioning as a response to environmental changes in acclimatized micropropagated Prunus cerasus L. Ann Bot (London) 62: 663–670Google Scholar
  40. Miller CD (1965) Evidence for the natural occurrence of zeatin and derivatives: compounds from maize which promote cell division. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 54: 1052–1058PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. Murashige T, Skoog F (1962) A revised medium for rapid growth and bioassay with tobacco tissue cultures. Physiol Plant 15: 473–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Nekrasova TV (1964) Culture of isolated fruit tree buds. Sov Plant Physiol 11: 127–134 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  43. Nitsch JP (1951) Growth and development in vitro of excised ovaries. Am J Bot 38: 566–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Nitsch JP (1969) Experimental androgenesis in Nicotiana. Phytomorphology 19: 389–404Google Scholar
  45. Ochatt SJ, Power JB (1988) An alternative approach to plant regeneration from protoplasts of sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.). Plant Sci 56: 75–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Ochatt SJ, Patat-Ochatt EM, Rech EL, Davey MR, Power JB (1989) Somatic hybridization of sexually incompatible top-fruit tree rootstocks, wild pear (Pyrus communis var pyraster L.) and Colt cherry (Prunus avium × P. pseudocerasus). Theor Appl Genet 78: 35–41CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Ponchia G, Roselli G (1980) Prove di micropropagazione di due cloni di ciliegio acido (Prunus cerasus L.). Riv Ortoflorofrutt It 64: 229–240Google Scholar
  48. Poniedziatek W, Lech W, Malodobry M (1986) Effect of growth regulators on rooting sour cherry in tissue culture. Acta Hortic 179: 847–851Google Scholar
  49. Popov YG, Vysotskii VA, Trushechkin VG (1976) Culture of isolated sour cherry shoot apices. Sov Plant Physiol 23: 513–518 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  50. Quoirin M, Lepoivre P, Boxus P (1977) Un premier bilan de 10 années de recherches sur les cultures de méristèmes et la multiplication in vitro de fruitiers ligneux. In: C R Rech 1976–1977. St Cult Fruit Maraichères, Gembloux, pp 93–117Google Scholar
  51. Rosati P, Gaggioli D (1987) Field performance of micropropagated peach rootstocks and scion cultivars of sour cherry and apple. Acta Hortic 212: 379–390Google Scholar
  52. Rosati P, Gaggioli D (1989) Orchard response of micropropagated sour cherry and apple cultivars. Sci Hortic 39: 201–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Rosati P, Swierczewski C, Marino G (1979) Micropropagazione dei portinnesti degli alberi da frutto. Nota II: Micropropagazione di cinque portinnesti del ciliegio. In: Atti dell’Incontro sulle techniche di colture “in vitro” per la propagazione su vasta scala delle specie ortoflorofrutticole, Pistoia, 6th Oct, pp 173–183Google Scholar
  54. Sakai A (1986) Cryopreservation of germoplasm of woody plants. In: Bajaj YPS (ed) Biotechnology in agriculture and forestry, vol I: Trees I. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 113–129Google Scholar
  55. Schmid PPS, Feucht W (1981) Differentiation of sieve tubes in compatible and incompatible Prunus graftings. Sci Hortic 15: 349–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Seirlis G, Mouras A, Salesses G (1979) Tentatives de culture in vitro d’anthères et de fragments d’organes chez le Prunus. Ann Amelior Plantes 29: 145–161Google Scholar
  57. Snir I (1983) A micropropagation system for sour cherry. Sci Hortic 19: 85–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Theiler-Hedtrich CM, Feucht W (1985) Micropropagation of Prunus cerasus rootstocks. Influence of culture medium constituents on growth in stages I and II. Acta Hortic 169: 335–340Google Scholar
  59. Tukey HB (1964) Dwarfed fruit trees. Macmillan, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  60. Vanderschaeghe AM, Debergh PC (1988) Automation of tissue culture manipulations in the final stages. Acta Hortic 227: 399–401Google Scholar
  61. Vestrheim S (1985) Cultivar trial with Morello sour cherries in Norway. Acta Hortic 169:131–136Google Scholar
  62. Walkey DG (1972) Production of apple plantlets from axillary bud meristems. Can J Plant Sci 52: 1085 - 1087 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Westwood MN (1978) Temperate-zone pomology. Freeman, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  64. White PR (1943) A handbook of plant tissue culture. Cattell, LancasterCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Wittenbach VA, Bukovac MJ (1980) In vitro culture of sour cherry fruits. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 105: 277–279Google Scholar
  66. Yenikeyev KK, Vysotsky VA, Plotnikova GA (1984) Peculiarities of in vivo and in vitro development of cherry and sweet cherry embryos isolated in early stages of embryogenesis. USSR Agric Biol 19: 46–48 (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Marin
    • 1
  • R. Gella
    • 1
  1. 1.FruticulturaServicio de Investigación AgrariaZaragozaSpain

Personalised recommendations