Epilogue on Future, Science, and Ethics

  • Klaus Mainzer


The principles of complex systems suggest that the physical, social, and mental world is nonlinear and complex. This essential result of epistemology has important consequences for our present and future behavior. Science and technology will have a crucial impact on future developments. Thus this book finishes with an outlook on future, science, and ethics in a complex and nonlinear world. What can we know about its future? What should we do?


Problem Space Epidemic Model Strange Attractor Forecast Method Delphi Method 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 7.1
    Goodmann, N.: Fact, Fiction and Forecast. London (1954); Lenk, H.: Erklärung, Prognose, Planung. Rombach: Freiburg (1972)Google Scholar
  2. 7.2
    Montgomery, D.C. Johnson, L.A.: Forecasting and Time Series Data Analysis and Theory. Holt, Rinehart and Winston: New York (1975)Google Scholar
  3. 7.3
    Abraham, B. Ledolter, J.: Statistical Methods of Forecasting. Wiley: New York (1983); Pindyek, R. Rubinfeld, D.: Econometric Models and Economic Forecasts. McGraw-Hill: New York (1980)Google Scholar
  4. 7.4
    Makridakis, S. Wheelwright, S.C.: Forecasting Methods for Management. Wiley: New York (1989); Makridakis, S. Wheelwright, S.C. Mc Gree, V.E.: Forecasting: Methods and Applications. Wiley: New York (1989)Google Scholar
  5. 7.5
    Kravtsov, Y. A. (ed.): Limits of Predictability. Springer: Berlin (1993) 82; Sarder, Z. Ravetz, J.R. (eds.): Complexity: fad or future? In: Futures. J. Forecasting, Planning, and Policy 26 6 (1994)Google Scholar
  6. 7.6
    Mayntz, R.: The Influence of natural science theories on contemporary social science. In: Meinolf, D. Biervert, B. (eds.): European Social Science in Transition. Assessment and Outlook. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado (1992) 27 - 79Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    7 Merton, R.K.: The Sociology of Science. Theoretical and Empirical Investiga-tions. Chicago (1973); Sorokin, P.A.: Social and Cultural Dynamics. New York (1962); Price, D. de Solla: Science since Babylon. New Haven (1961); Goffman, W: An epidemic process in an open population. In: Nature 205 (1965), 831-832; Mathematical approach to the spread of scientific ideas — the history of mast cell research. In: Nature 212 (1966), 449-452; Berg, J. Wagner-Döbler, R.: A multidimensional analysis of scientific dynamics In• Scientometrics 3 (1996), 321-346Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    8 Bruckner, E.W. Ebeling, W. Scharnhorst, A.: The application of evolution models in scientometrics. In: Scientometrics 18 (1990), 33Google Scholar
  9. 7.
    9 Small, H. Sweeny Greenlee, E.: Clustering the science citation index using co-citations. II. Mapping science. In: Scientometrics 8 (1985) 321-340; Callon, M. Courtial, J.-P. Turner, W.A. Bauin, S.: From translation to problematic networks — An introduction to co-word analyses. In: Social Science Information 22 (1983), 191-235Google Scholar
  10. 7.10
    Mayntz, R.: Soziale Diskontinuitäten: Erscheinungsformen und Ursachen. In: Hierholzer, K. Wittmann, H.-G. (eds.): Phasensprünge und Stetigkeit in der natürlichen und kulturellen Welt. Wiss. Verlagsgesellschaft: Stuttgart (1988) 1537Google Scholar
  11. 7.11
    Mainzer, K.: Die Würde des Menschen ist unantastbar. Zur Herausforderung von Artikel II Grundgesetz durch den technisch-wissenschaftlichen Fortschritt. Jahrbuch der Universität 1989. Augsburg (1990) 211 - 221Google Scholar
  12. 7.12
    For a historical survey compare Schwemmer, O.: Ethik. In: MittelstraB, J. (ed.): Enzyklopädie Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie. Vol. 1. B.I. Wissenschaftsverlag: Mannheim Wien Zürich (1980) 592-599; Abelson, R. Nielsen, K.: History of ethics. In: Edwards (ed.): The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Vol. III. New York (1967) 81 - 117Google Scholar
  13. 7.13
    Irwin, T.: Platos Moral Theory. The Early and Middle Dialogues. Oxford (1977) 7. 14 Kenny, A.: The Aristotelean Ethics. A Study of the Relationship between the Eudemian and Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. Oxford (1978)Google Scholar
  14. 7.15
    Compare Raphael, D.D. (ed.): British Moralists (1650-1800) I—II. Oxford (1969)Google Scholar
  15. 7.16
    Paton, H.J.: The Categorical Imperative. A Study in Kant’s Moral Philosophy. London ( 1947 ); Williams, B.A.D.: The Concept of the Categorical Imperative. A Study of the Place of the Categorical Imperative in Kant’s Ethical Theory. Oxford (1968)Google Scholar
  16. 7.17
    Mill, J.S.: Utilitarianism. London (1861); Rescher, N.: Distributive Justice. A Constructive Critique of the Utilitarian Theory of Distribution. Indianapolis (1966) 7. 18 Rawls, J.: A Theory of Justice. London (1972)Google Scholar
  17. 7.19
    Simon, J.: Friedrich Nietzsche. In: Höffe, O. (ed.): Klassiker der Philosophie II. München (1981) 203-224, 482 - 484Google Scholar
  18. 7.20
    Heidegger, M.: Die Technik und die Kehre. Pfullingen ( 1962 ); Loscerbo, J.: Being and Technology. A Study in the Philosophy of Martin Heidegger. The Hague (1981)Google Scholar
  19. 7.21
    Jonas, H.: Das Prinzip Verantwortung. Versuch einer Ethik für die technologische Zivilisation. Suhrkamp: Frankfurt (1979)Google Scholar
  20. 7.22
    Lenk, H.: Zwischen Wissenschaft und Ethik. Suhrkamp: Frankfurt (1992); MittelstraB, J.: Leonardo Welt. Über Wissenschaft, Forschung und Verantwortung. Suhrkamp: Frankfurt (1992)Google Scholar
  21. 7.
    23 Kant, I.: Kritik der reinen Vernunft (1787), B 833Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Mainzer
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Philosophie und WissenschaftstheorieUniversität AugsburgAugsburgGermany

Personalised recommendations