The Dissimilatory Sulfur-Reducing Bacteria

  • Norbert Pfennig
  • Hanno Biebl


The microbial reduction of elemental sulfur to hydrogen sulfide under anaerobic conditions has been observed and described repeatedly during the past 100 years (Beijerinck, 1895; Omelianski, 1904; Pelsh, 1936; Roy and Trudinger, 1970; Starkey, 1937; Woolfolk, 1962). Many different prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms were shown to be able to reduce elemental sulfur in nonspecific, incidental side reactions in the course of their regular fermentative metabolism. Thiosulfate, methylene blue, aldehydes, or other compounds were also reduced. Under these circumstances, it is questionable whether the reduction of elemental sulfur plays any significant role in the normal metabolism of such cells (Roy and Trudinger, 1970).


Electron Acceptor Enrichment Culture Green Sulfur Bacterium Sodium Sulfide Solution Sole Electron Donor 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norbert Pfennig
  • Hanno Biebl

There are no affiliations available

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