The Genera Hyphomicrobium, Pedomicrobium, and Hyphomonas

  • Richard L. Moore


An organism that resembles the presently recognized type species of the genus Hyphomicrobium, H. vulgare Stutzer and Hartleb 1898, was first described over 82 years ago by Rullman (1897). The budding mode of reproduction in hyphomicrobia was not fully recognized, however, until many years later (Henrici and Johnson, 1935; Kingma-Boltjes, 1936). Pongratz (1957) isolated a budding bacterium that is morphologically quite similar to H. vulgare, but with strikingly different nutritional requirements. He recommended the formation of a new genus and named the organism Hyphomonas polymorpha. Leifson (1964) isolated a budding marine bacterium which he named Hyphomicrobium neptunium. However, on the basis of nutritional requirements and the results of DNA-homology studies (Moore and Hirsch, 1972), this organism would be more appropriately placed in the genus Hyphomonas; it will be considered in this manner throughout the following discussion. The third and most recently described genus within the group of prosthecate-budding bacteria is Pedomicrobium (Aristovskaya, 1961, 1963a).


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1981

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  • Richard L. Moore

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