Lake Peipsi: A Transboundary Lake on the Future Border of the European Union
Several lakes and rivers cross the boundaries between countries. Management of transboundary waters is complicated. One government cannot act on its own: cooperation between riparian countries is required to ensure good water quality and sustainable development in the shared water basins. The number of agreements on transboundary waters in Europe is today approximately 160 and shows an increasing trend (Figure 10.1). This reflects an urgent need to co-operate on management of shared water resources. However, the co-operation is not easy to achieve and there are various obstacles, such as differences in water management legislation, institutional structures and practices that stem from differences in languages, cultures as well as physical and political geography of different states. The history of developing co-operation on transboundary waters shows that ‘ co-operation is a striking achievement wheneverchrw ... it occurs, and there is every reason to believe that co-operation will become more elusivechrw ... as growing human populations, enhanced capabilities, and rising expectations generate more severe conflicts of interest as well as greater demands on the earth’s natural systems’ (Young 1989: 4).
KeywordsPhosphorus Phenol Europe Hydrocarbon Income
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