Russian Policy toward India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan

  • Martin Malek


Russian foreign and security policy is based on the concept of a “multi-polar” world that was first formulated by former Foreign Minister and Prime Minister Yevgeni Primakov. This concept postulates at least six global political “poles”, namely Russia, the EU, the USA, China, India and Japan (but certainly not NATO) and is explicitly directed against the “uni-polar world” to which prevailing opinion in Russia believes the U.S. aspires. This is obviously an attempt to claim back a position for an economically weakened Russia in a “circle of equal great powers”.


Security Council Foreign Minister Intelligence Service Military Policy Islamic Fundamentalist 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Malek
    • 1
  1. 1.National Defence Academy in ViennaAustria

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