Modelling in Hydro-Thermal Optimization
The energy requirements of STEWEAG — the power and energy supply utility of the Austrian province of Styria — are met by water power, thermal power stations and by contracted power supply from the national utility (VG). The power system consists of thermal power stations with and without fuel contracts; combined heat and power stations, run-of-river plants, series of run-of-river-plants and water power stations with storage (year, week or day). The peak power demand is estimated and has to be contracted in advance. If it is exceeded, a rather expensive penalty must be paid. The contracted energy must be paid according to a strict tariff taking into account a rather high fixed premium related to power. Hence STEWEAG has been interested in the optimization of its energy resources and in determining optimal schedules and contracts. In a first approach which was oriented towards a horizon of a year, methods of calculus of variations have been used thereby accepting far reaching simplifications. Recently emphasis was put on daily, weekly optimization as well as on annual optimization for operations planning. For this purpose a software package based on mixed-integer programming and suitable hardware was used. Starting from an annual optimal schedule the weekly commitment schedule is optimized based on time steps of 2 to 4 hours. The main goal of the weekly optimization is to deal with the influence of the water reservoirs during the weekends and with the start-up and shut-down decisions. Embedded in the weekly optimization the daily optimization is calculated based on 48 time steps. The model expressed in tableau size is approximately 7000 rows by 10 000 columns for the week and 4000 rows by 5000 columns for the day. Details on modeling approaches, computational experiences and considerations on the economic gains will be given.
KeywordsThermal Power Station Power Change Thermal Plant Hydro Power Plant National Utility
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 0.E. Steinbauer, A. Schadler: Optimizing the operation planning of the STEWEAG Power System, Proceedings of the 10, PSCC, Graz (1990) 1099–1106Google Scholar
- 1.E. Steinbauer: Kraftwerke an der steirischen Enns–Einsatz und Betriebsführung der Kraftwerkskette“, OZE 26 (1973) 185–191Google Scholar
- 2.M. Muschick und A. Schadler: Operation Planning of Power Systems; in: System Modelling and Optimization, Proceedings of 12th IFIP-Conference (1985)Google Scholar
- 3.E. Steinbauer: Experience of the STEWEAG control engineer in optimizing the operation planning of the STEWEAG power system - development and installation of a new software product; UNIPEDE symposium on the application of advanced software technologies in electricity supply undertakings, (Juni 1–2, 1989 )Google Scholar
- 4.E. Steinbauer: Planungs-und Betriebsoptimierung in der Elektrizitätswirtschaft mit Hilfe von Rechenanlagen; OZE 26 (1973) 221–229Google Scholar
- 5.P.G. Harhammer: Wirtschaftliche Lastaufteilung auf Basis der Gemischt-Ganzzahligen Planungsrechnung; OZE 29 (1976) 87–94Google Scholar
- 6.E. Steinbauer, M. Muschick, A. Sillaber, P. Harhammer, H. Strobl und H. Haschka: Kraftwerkseinsatzoptimierung; OZE 38 (1985) 1–7Google Scholar
- 7.IBM-Programminformation: Programmsystem KWOPT, IBM- Osterreich (1987)Google Scholar
- 9.H.P. Crowder, E.L. Johnson, M. Padberg: Solving Large scale Zero-One Linear Programming Problems; Oper. Res. 31 /5 (1983) 803–834Google Scholar
- 10.Mathematical Programming System Extended/370 Version 2, Program Reference ManualGoogle Scholar
- 11.Optimization Subroutine Library, Guide and ReferenceGoogle Scholar