Hypoglossal-Facial Anastomosis

  • Ludwig G. Kempe


Paralysis of the facial nerve causes a severe cosmetic deformity. Following intracranial operations in which the facial nerve was found to be irreparably damaged, an early nerve crossing operation should be done to restore tone to the facial muscles as soon as possible. When the status of the nerve lesion intracranially is unknown, several months of clinical observation with electrical testing should be allowed for spontaneous reinnervation to take place.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ludwig G. Kempe
    • 1
  1. 1.Col.USA

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