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Absorption Spectroscopy as an Analytical Method in Rubber Chemistry

  • K. E. Kress
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Abstract

There is a number of textbooks treating the fundamentals of spectroscopy and absorption spectroscopy in particular, and we assume that the reader of this material is familiar with the principles involved. On the basis of economy of instrumentation, utility, and convenience of technique, the rubber analyst will be mostly interested in the ultraviolet, visible and near-infrared spectral regions up to 3.2 μ, to which this discussion is therefore largely confined The identification of materials is based upon plotting units of absorbance (ordinate) versus units of wavelength (abscissa) to obtain an absorbance curve over the spectral region of interest. If absorbance is selective, some wavelengths are absorbed more than others, and the curve will show a series of peaks (maxima) and valleys (minima) which is characteristic for the compound. Comparison of the absorbance spectra with a catalog of known spectra of materials will usually identify the unknown material. This is simplified if the number of possible materials is limited, as is the case in rubber compounds.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1960

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  • K. E. Kress

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