Abstract

Microprobes have been used for biological research to an extent which may surprise this audience; it certainly surprised the speaker when he compiled a bibliography. The number of publications amounted to 82. Furthermore, most of the papers now report actual biological research instead of the evaluation of possibilities which prevailed in the early days.

Keywords

Zinc Titanium Phosphorus Sulphide Chrome 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Rosenstiel, A. P. v., and H. B. Zeedijk: This conference.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Galle, P.: Proc. 3rd Intern. Congr. of Nephrology, p. 306. Basel and New York: Karger 1967.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tousials, A. J., and I. Adler: J. Histochem. Cytochem. 11, 40 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gueft, B., Y. Kikkawa, and J. Moskal: J. Appl. Phys. 35, 3077 (1964).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Marshall, D. J.: Ph. D. Thesis, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge (1967).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Carroll, K. G., and J. L. Tullis: Nature 217, 1172 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mellors, R. C.: Lab. Invest. 13, 183 (1964).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baud, C. A., S. Kimoto and H. Hashimoto: Experientia 19, 524 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tousimis, A. J., in: X-ray optics and X-ray microanalysis (editors Pattes, Cosslett and Eng-Strom), p. 539. New York: Academic Press 28. 1963.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Andersen, C. A., in: Methods of biochemical analysis (editor DAVID GLICK), vol. 15, p. 147. New York: Interscience Publ. 1967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Frank, R. M., M. Capitant, and J. Goni: J. Dental Res. 45, 672 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rosser, H., A. Boyde, and A. D. G. Stewart: Arch. Oral Biol. 12, 431 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Söremark, R., and P. Gron: Arch. Oral Biol. 11, 861 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Frazier, P. D.: Arch. Oral Biol. 12, 25 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Saffir, A. J., and R. E. Ogilvie: Trans. of the 2nd National Conference on Electron Microprobe Analysis, Boston (1967).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Wei, S. H. Y., and M. J. Ingram: Trans. of the 3rd National Conference on Electron Microprobe Analysis, Chicago (1968).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rosenstiel, A. P. v., J. Vahl, and J. Kyselova: This conference.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hale, A. J.: J. Cell Biol. 15, 427 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sims, R. T., and D. J. Marshall: Nature 212, 1359 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gardner, D. L., and T.A. Hall, J of Pathology (in press). Thanks are due to the Cambridge 37. Scientific Instrument Company for the use of their Microsan V microprobe.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hall, T. A., A. J. Hale, and V. R. Switsur, in: The electron microprobe (editors Mckinley, Heinrich and Wittry), p. 805. New York: John Wiley and Sons 1966.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Vassamillet, L. F., and V. E. Caldwell: Trans. of the 3rd National Conference on Electron Microprobe Analysis, Chicago (1968).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Andersen, C. A.: Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 1033 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hall, T. A., in: Quantitative electron probe microanalysis (editor K. F. J. Heinrich), p. 269. National Bureau of Standards Special Publ. 298, Washington D.C. (1968).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hall, T. A., and P. Werba: This volume.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Suns, R. T., and T. A. Hall, J Cell Sci. 3, 563 (1968).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Marshall, D. J., and T. A. Hall, Brit. J. Appl. Phys. 1, 1651 (1968).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kramers, H. A.: Phil. Mag. 46, 836 (1923).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Equation (4) is a more general form of the equation derived in reference number 24, where the derivation from equation (3) is described in detail.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hohling, H. J., T. A. Hall u. R. W. Fearnhead: Naturwissenschaften 54, 93 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hohling, H. J., et al.: Naturwissenschaften 54, 142 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hohling, H. J., u. A. Boyde: Naturwissenschaften 54, 617 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hohling, H. J., et al.: In: Les Tissus Calcifiés (editors G. Milhaud, M. Owen et H. J. J. Blackwood), p. 323. Paris: Société D’Edition D’Enseignement Supérieur 1968.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Hohling, H. J., and A. P. Rosenstiel: Calcified Tissue Research 2 (August Suppl.), 5 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    We must thank our colleague A. Boyde for the preparation of the tissue sections used for Fig. 5, and we must thank the staff at the Tube Investments laboratory, in particular P. Duncumb, C. J. Cooke, and P. Hunneyball, for the use of their electron microscope-microprobe, the original “Emma”, to obtain the data of Fig. 6.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Hall, T A: Manuscript in preparation.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Hogben, C. A. M., and M. J. Ingram: Trans. of the 2nd National Conference on Electron Microprobe Analysis, Boston (1967).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. A. Hall
    • 1
  • H. J. Höhling
    • 2
  1. 1.Cavendish LaboratoryCambridgeEngland
  2. 2.Institut für medizinische PhysikUniversität MünsterFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations