Spontaneously Combustible Materials and Division 4.2

  • Malcolm A. Fox


Substances liable to spontaneous combustion are those materials that, though not exposed to any particular source of heat or ignition source, still combust. This can occur
  • When the oxidation of a sensitive material (e.g., phosphorus) by oxygen in the atmosphere reaches the material’s autoignition temperature.

  • If oxidation takes place when catalyzed by moisture, as in the case of wet cotton, paper, or sodium.

  • When autoignition temperatures are reached as a consequence of internal exothermic reactions like the polymerization of some drying oils.

  • When autoignition temperatures are reached as substances like sewage and compost are decomposed by bacterial action.


Blast Wave Fish Meal Spontaneous Combustion Ignition Source Combustible Material 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. DOSATT.
    Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms,5th Edition; Parker, Sybil, ed.; McGraw-Hill: New York, 1994Google Scholar
  2. MH14.
    Materials Handbook,14th Edition; Brady, George S., Clauser, Henry R. and Vaccari, John A.; McGraw-Hill: New York, 1997Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm A. Fox

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