Spontaneously Combustible Materials and Division 4.2

  • Malcolm A. Fox

Abstract

Substances liable to spontaneous combustion are those materials that, though not exposed to any particular source of heat or ignition source, still combust. This can occur
  • When the oxidation of a sensitive material (e.g., phosphorus) by oxygen in the atmosphere reaches the material’s autoignition temperature.

  • If oxidation takes place when catalyzed by moisture, as in the case of wet cotton, paper, or sodium.

  • When autoignition temperatures are reached as a consequence of internal exothermic reactions like the polymerization of some drying oils.

  • When autoignition temperatures are reached as substances like sewage and compost are decomposed by bacterial action.

Keywords

Combustion Phosphorus Transportation Explosive Sewage 

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References

  1. DOSATT.
    Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms,5th Edition; Parker, Sybil, ed.; McGraw-Hill: New York, 1994Google Scholar
  2. MH14.
    Materials Handbook,14th Edition; Brady, George S., Clauser, Henry R. and Vaccari, John A.; McGraw-Hill: New York, 1997Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm A. Fox

There are no affiliations available

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