The Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (COS) recognizes that certain solid materials transported in large volumes present particular hazards due to their extreme bulk that are not present when shipped in smaller quantities or when packaged. These hazards are maximized when transported in the cargo space of ships without any intermediate containment.


Petroleum Coke Spontaneous Combustion Calcium Fluoride Magnesium Hydroxide Calcium Oxide 
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  1. COS.
    Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes (BC Code),Supplement to the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, International Maritime Organization: London 1997Google Scholar
  2. HCC.
    Hawley’s Condensed Chemical Dictionary,11th Edition; Sax, N. Irving and Lewis, Richard J., Sr.; Van Nostrand Reinhold: New York, 1987Google Scholar
  3. IMDG.
    International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code,including Amendment 29–98, 11 to 20 May, 1998; International Maritime Organization (IMO): London, 1997Google Scholar
  4. KOE.
    Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology,4th Edition; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1995Google Scholar
  5. WNN.
    Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary; Merriam-Webster: Springfield, 1987Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm A. Fox

There are no affiliations available

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