Leather is the tough, wear-resistant material created from animal hides and skins by a number of processing steps:
  1. 1.

    Hair, fur, dirt, fat, and other unwanted materials are removed from the hide.

  2. 2.

    The hide is permanently altered as collagen, the principal protein present, is made into leather by being cross-linked with a tanning agent. Traditionally, vegetable tanning agents based on polyphenolics were (and still are) used. Commercially, chrome tanning agents, based on chromium sulphate, are used.

  3. 3.

    The tanned leather is stabilized and finished.



Palmic Acid Oxalic Acid Sulphur Dioxide Dangerous Good Flammable Liquid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. DOTU.
    Dictionary of Terms Used in the Hides, Skins, and Leather Trade; Agriculture Handbook, No. 465; Thomas, Charles C.; U.S. Department of Agriculture: Springfield, 1966Google Scholar
  2. HCC.
    Hawley’s Condensed Chemical Dictionary,11th Edition; Sax, N. Irving and Lewis, Richard J., Sr.; Van Nostrand Reinhold: New York, 1987Google Scholar
  3. KOE.
    Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology,4th Edition; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1995Google Scholar
  4. LDD.
    Leather Dressing, Dyeing, and Finishing; Woodroffe, D.; Quality Books: Teignmouth, 1953Google Scholar
  5. MH14.
    Materials Handbook,14th Edition; Brady, George S., Clauser, Henry R. and Vaccari, John A.; McGraw-Hill: New York, 1997Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm A. Fox

There are no affiliations available

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