Cleaning liquids, cleaning compounds, and cleaning fluids remove unwanted materials (soil such as oil, sugars, proteins, dust, lubricants, etc.) from a solid substrate (fabrics and fibrous materials and hard surfaces like glass, metal, and painted surfaces) by bringing the soil into mechanical suspension or colloidal, molecular, or ionic solution in some solvent. The nature of the solvent provides a means of classification.


Sugar Surfactant Dust Silicate Foam 


  1. HCC.
    Hawley’s Condensed Chemical Dictionary,11th Edition; Sax, N. Irving and Lewis, Richard J., Sr.; Van Nostrand Reinhold: New York, 1987Google Scholar
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    Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology,4th Edition; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1995Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm A. Fox

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