The castor plant (Ricinus communis) is a coarse herb of the spurge family Euphorbiaceae. When processed, the seed syn. castor bean yields half its weight in a triglyceride oil that is, uniquely, up to 85% ricinoleic acid. The oil is used as an ingredient or precursor in the manufacture of paints, varnishes, resins, synthetic fibres, lubricants, polishes, cosmetics, and many other materials.


Transportation Alkaloid Triglyceride Ricinine 


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    Castor, Sesame and Safflower; Weiss, E.A.; Barnes & Noble: New York, 1971Google Scholar
  2. KOE.
    Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology,4th Edition; John Wiley & Sons: New York, 1995Google Scholar

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malcolm A. Fox

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