Ca-pools involved in the regulation of cardiac contraction under positive inotropy. X-ray microanalysis on rapidly-frozen ventricular muscles of guinea-pig
Electron probe microanalysis of rapidly-frozen small ventricular trabeculae of guinea-pig demonstrates that 1. the distribution of total intracellular calcium varies under positive inotropy depending on the type of inotropic intervention. 2. The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) (or part of it) localized at the level of the z-lines reveals high calcium accumulation at the end of diastole whenever a stimulus is followed by a contraction with a short time to peak of force. After paired pulse stimulation, onlythis cell compartment accumulates calcium at the end of diastole. Since this cell compartment is “Ca-empty” in muscles frozen during contraction, SR is considered to be the source of activator Ca. 3. In several cases of inotropy (after application of ARL, caffeine or after lowering the extracellular Na + concentration), calcium is also detectable on the mitochondria, suggesting that these organelles participate in slow regulation of cytosolic calcium. 4. In some cases, total calcium located on the sarcomeres is increased. The interpretation of this finding is intriguing and requires the assumption of supplementary cytosolic Ca-sinks as yet unknown.
Key wordscalcium pools positive inotropy electron probe X-ray microanalysis excitation-contraction coupling
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