Transborder Co-Operation: Case Studies

  • Rongxing Guo
Part of the Contributions to Economics book series (CE)


The independence in any border-region which has potentially joined a cross-border co-operation agreement implies at least two problems: on one hand, no participating side can be forced into the cross-border co-operation coalition but participation must be voluntary; on the other hand, the participating sides can always opt for leaving the cross-border co-operation agreement even if they had initially decided in favour of participation. Even though there are both advantages and costs in the process of cross-border cooperation between different political authorities, as the cross-border relationships in border-regions have been, and still often are, relationships of conflicts for various reasons, such as the existence of different ethnic minorities, fear of immigration, fear of unfair competition, negative environmental spillover effects, and so on, more and more border-regions have been transformed from conflictual relationships into relationships of co-operation, whenever bilateral relationships are economically interpreted in a larger space perspective. In this chapter, we will briefly introduce, inter alia, four major ongoing transborder co-operation programmes, which include: (i) the European cross-border co-operation programmes; (ii) the US¡ªMexican border environment co-operation; (iii) China’s transprovincial border economic zones (BEZs); and (iv) the Turnen River area development programme (TRADP).


North American Free Trade Agreement Surplus Capital Northeast Asian Country Mutual Complementarity Prefectural Governor 
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    Hunchun city, Jilin province, China, for example, has a total population of more than 175 thousands, of which 47.3 per cent, 42.2 per cent, and 10.22 per cent are Korean, Han-Chinese, and Manchu respectively. Furthermore, 1,000 and 1,500 people of this city have marriage relations with Japan, North and South Korea, 5,000 people have relatives in Russia, the United States, Canada, Brazil, etc. (Source: Jin Tie (1993): “The Openness and Development of Hunchun City: Situation and Perspectives”, Northeast Asia Forum,No. 1, pp. 12–3.)Google Scholar
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    Notice that Northeast China has about two million minorities which have ethnical relations with both North and South Korea in 1990. (Source: Office of 1990’s Census of P. R. of China, Beijing, China. )Google Scholar
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    See Ding Shisheng (1993): “The Development of the Ports in the Turnen River: Suggestions”, Northeast Asia Forum, p. 1, No. 1.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rongxing Guo
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)MilanoItaly
  2. 2.Beijing Graduate School of China Univ. of Min. & Techn. (CUMT)BeijingChina

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