AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) is a disease induced by the human immunodeficiency retrovirus designated HIV-1. Although first observed in homosexual men, the disease affects both males and females equally in central Africa and is beginning to affect an increasing number of heterosexuals with cases in both males and females in the Western countries including North America and Europe. Following exposure to the AIDS virus, the incubation period is variable and may extend to 11 years before clinical AIDS occurs in HIV positive males in high risk groups. It is transmitted by blood and body fluids but is not transmitted through casual contact, or through air, food or other means. Besides homosexual and bisexual males, others at high risk include intravenous drug abusers, hemophiliacs, the offspring of HIV infected mothers, and sexual partners of any HIV infected individuals in the above groups.
KeywordsFatigue Pneumonia Dementia Tuberculosis Neuropathy
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