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Threshold of Cerebral Perfusion Pressure as a Prognostic Factor in Hydrocephalus During Infancy

  • Hiromi Sato
  • Noriko Sato
  • Norihiko Tamaki
  • Satoshi Matsumoto

Abstract

An analysis of the intracranial pressure (ICP) was done on 30 hydrocephalic infants using a newly devised computerized analyzing system. As a cerebrovascularly compromised index of the ICP, the transmission ratio of systemic arterial pulse pressure (SABP) to ICP as defined by Ikeyama [η HB (PP of ICP/PP of SABP)] was used. Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) versus η HB showed significant bilinear relationship. From this correlation the threshold of CPP in relation to ICP level was calculated. A reduction of CPP below this level abruptly reduced the correlation with ICP. Thus, the CPP threshold showed an increase related to age (from 20 mm Hg in preterm babies at birth to 80 mm Hg at 12 months of age) and is correlated with the psychomotor development evaluated 6–36 months after shunting. The abnormal waves that appear when there is a high level of η HB and that also appear below the threshold level of CPP can be defined as pressure waves, based on the physiological findings. It was shown that in hydrocephalus during infancy, a prolonged ICP below the threshold of CPP is one of the cerebrohemodynamic factors that can adversely affect the outcome of psychomotor development. (Child’s Nerv Syst 4: 274–278, 1988)

Key words

Cerebral perfusion pressure Intracranial pressure Hydrocephalus Infancy 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiromi Sato
    • 1
  • Noriko Sato
    • 1
  • Norihiko Tamaki
    • 2
  • Satoshi Matsumoto
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Neurological SurgeryShizuoka Children’s HospitalShizuokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Neurological SurgeryKobe University School of MedicineKobeJapan

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