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Sudden Death in Hydrocephalic Spina Bifida Aperta Patients

  • M. J. Staal
  • M. J. Meihuizen-de Regt
  • J. Hess

Abstract

In a group of 183 spina bifida aperta patients born between 1964 and 1984, 154 (84%) had hydrocephalus. The majority of these patients (146) was treated with a ventricular shunt. The overall mortality among these 183 patients was 10%: 19 patients. All patients who died had a ventriculovascular shunt implanted soon after birth. Besides myelomeningocele and hydrocephalus none of them had other midline fusion defects. The cause of death of 7 of these patients was chronic renal failure. Twelve of these patients however died suddenly. Eleven of these 12 patients were subject of a clinical study. In one patient the cause of sudden death could not be identified.

Key words

Spina bifida aperta patients Hydrocephalus Shunt Ventriculoperitoneal Ventriculovascular Pulmonary embolism Shunt malfunction Sudden death 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Staal
    • 1
  • M. J. Meihuizen-de Regt
    • 1
  • J. Hess
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryUniversity Hospital GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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